orthognathic surgery: solution for moving jaw

Written by: Dr. Francisco Javier Martin Rodríguez
Published:
Edited by: Roser Bernés Ubasos

 

orthognathic surgery What kind of functional problems can cause Strain or displacement ment No On?

The displacement or deformation in the mandible can cause various functional problems.

If the teeth do not fit correctly, there is an alteration in chewing. This lack of dental gear reduces the possibility of properly grinding food, making it difficult to swallow them.

The pronunciation of various sounds is sometimes hampered by poor position of the teeth.

When the mandible has not undergone adequate growth or is in a more retruded position, it may favor the occurrence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, in which there is a decrease in airflow in the upper airway. In this disease develop cardiac, respiratory and neurological disorders.

Finally, the mandible, with an alteration in its position, can influence the appearance of a pain in the region of the temporomandibular joint and provoke a dysfunction in the same.

 

Qu é What is orthognathic surg AI?

Orthognathic surgery involves a group of interventions aimed at positioning the maxilla and the mandible in a correct way, seeking to improve the aesthetics of the face and a correction of the functional alterations caused by a poor position of the maxilla and the maxilla. mandible, attempting to normalize the bite or dental occlusion.

This surgery requires a previous study of the aesthetics of the face and the arrangement of the teeth. After this, a treatment planning is performed in which the new position of the maxilla and the jaw is calculated, which produces the best aesthetic and functional result possible in the patient.

The procedure is performed through incisions inside the mouth and leaves no scars on the skin.

The maxilla and the mandible are mobilized after osteotomies or cuts in the bone. Bones are placed in the previously planned position in the preoperative study. These bones are stabilized thanks to small fixations of titanium and this enables the return to the normality of the patient in the shortest possible time.

 

Is it a painful intervention or No? What feelings will have to the patient after the ON é s trade

Treatment with analgesics, anti-inflammatories and antibiotics is necessary after the intervention. They control the pain that can occur and decrease the chance of an infection. There is a facial swelling that resolves within a few days. The normal mastication is difficult the first two weeks, returning progressively to normal in a short time.

 

You should have ALG ú n type of care the patient postoperatively? Should it make ALG ú n type of rehabilitation On?

For a few days it is usual to use gums between the teeth that prevents open the mouth completely and help to settle the operated areas. The inflammation is giving in the following days. At this time the specialist in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery instructs the patient in the mandibular movements that he should perform, these being simple and painless.

The first day after the operation begins with liquid diet. The following days continue with purees. Approximately, at 10 days soft feeding begins.

 

Will there be scars marks é s after the intervention ng?

It is an intervention that is done inside the mouth, with which there is no external scar. Through the oral cavity an intervention of this type can be completely performed, with the advantage that this entails in terms of physical recovery and absence of external signs.

 

 

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*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Francisco Javier Martin Rodríguez
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Specialist Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dr. Martin Rodriguez graduated in Medicine and Surgery and Dentistry. He trained as a specialist in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the Virgen del Camino Hospital in Pamplona between 1989 and 1993 and was attending physician at the Maxillofacial Surgery Hospital Donostia. Throughout his career he has combined his clinical work with the dissemination of knowledge through numerous articles published in journals of national and international scope. He is currently the Head of Maxillofacial Surgery University Hospital Donostia.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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