Gum is one of the essential parts of the mouth. Thanks to them the jaws are protected preventing the entry of food or germs and teeth are held. The pathologies that can undergo are gingivitis and periodontitis usually can be prevented with a simple and proper maintenance of oral hygiene.
What is mucogingival surgery?
Mucogingival surgery, also called periodontal plastic surgery, is a concept that encompasses a wide range of surgical techniques to treat deficit gum, either in volume or height, around teeth or implants, as well as the enlargements or gingival hypertrophy excessive.
In case of grafting, where did you get?
When the surgical technique required to perform placing a gingival or gingival graft donor sites par excellence are the palate or the retromolar tuberosity area, the gum behind the last upper molar. It is also possible to use other biomaterials, whether of animal or human origin, but from the standpoint of the effectiveness palatal tissue is the most reliable for use as a graft.
What patients is directed? What conditions can be treated?
In dentistry , the mucogingival surgery is aimed at a number of very specific situations:
- Patients with gingival recession, what is commonly said as "it has withdrawn me the gum" and a type of very thin gum in natural teeth.
- Patients who lack gum thickness in the implant already placed or where you want to place.
- Patients with gingival hypertrophy enlargements or partially covering natural teeth and prevent proper oral hygiene.
What care should have the patient after surgery?
After a mucogingival surgical procedure must be remembered that one of the key factors, among others, to its success is the stability of the tissues operated. This involves following a soft diet during the postoperative phase; control of dental plaque from the operated area based mouthwashes, without using the brush until the withdrawal of points; an antibiotic and anti-inflammatory medication; on a regular activity of "active rest" and generally avoid all those maneuvers that may entail an unwanted movement of the area and operated tissues.
Edited by Roser Berner Ubasos.