The cancer head and neck, among which include the pharyngeal cancer laryngeal cancer (throat ) and mouth cancer, is the sixth most common in the world.
¿What factors cause the appearance of throat cancer
The factors that most contribute to the appearance of one of these tumors are mainly snuff and Alcohol, although there are other factors that can help development, as some virus, radiation or prolonged exposure to wood dust.
¿cases in which surgery is used to treat
The treatment of these tumors is based on the Surgery and radiotherapy, separately or in combination, as the case. In advanced tumors can also use the chemotherapy.
Generally, we will resort to surgery in very delimited tumors or large tumors that do not respond to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. However, it is essential the individual treatment of each patient.
¿, consisting In this surgery
The mission of the surgery is always completely remove the tumor. Depending on the stage and location of the cancer may be employed various operations to remove it. Every time we have more surgical techniques that allow us to preserve the larynx partially ( Laser through the mouth, supracricoideas techniques, etc. ), avoiding aggression involves the complete extirpation of the larynx. In addition, to prevent the tumor from spreading, it is sometimes necessary to remove the node of the neck, which is usually done in the same operation. May also be necessary, according to the extension of tumor, removal of part or all neighboring structures so as some muscles of the neck, part of trachea, the basis of the language Part the pharynx, thyroid, etc.
¿That has consequences
If surgery is performed partial voice could also be affected and temporarily swallowing. However after the rehabilitation we could breathe, speak and eat as usual.
By contrast, if the tumor requires a complete extirpation of the larynx, the consequences are more obvious: We would have stoma (hole) final in the trachea and we should learn to speak by other techniques ( erigmofonia ). Currently we have phonatory prosthesis that have revolutionized the aftermath of these interventions because they allow us to speak with a remarkable quality.
¿You can rebuild the affected tissue after operation
Depending on the aggressiveness of the surgery may be necessary to perform a reconstructive surgery: rebuild the area operated either with flaps local, regional or even microanastomosados. It is a transplant own skin and tissue to cover the area to be resected with the tumor. These techniques require specialized equipment in this type of tumors.