Throat cancer surgery

Written by: Dr. F. Xavier Avilés Jurado
Edited by: Top Doctors®

The cancer head and neck, among which include the pharyngeal cancer laryngeal cancer (throat ) and mouth cancer, is the sixth most common in the world.


¿What factors cause the appearance of throat cancer


The factors that most contribute to the appearance of one of these tumors are mainly snuff and Alcohol, although there are other factors that can help development, as some virus, radiation or prolonged exposure to wood dust.


¿cases in which surgery is used to treat


The treatment of these tumors is based on the Surgery and radiotherapy, separately or in combination, as the case. In advanced tumors can also use the chemotherapy.

Generally, we will resort to surgery in very delimited tumors or large tumors that do not respond to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. However, it is essential the individual treatment of each patient.


¿, consisting In this surgery


The mission of the surgery is always completely remove the tumor. Depending on the stage and location of the cancer may be employed various operations to remove it. Every time we have more surgical techniques that allow us to preserve the larynx partially ( Laser through the mouth, supracricoideas techniques, etc. ), avoiding aggression involves the complete extirpation of the larynx. In addition, to prevent the tumor from spreading, it is sometimes necessary to remove the node of the neck, which is usually done in the same operation. May also be necessary, according to the extension of tumor, removal of part or all neighboring structures so as some muscles of the neck, part of trachea, the basis of the language Part the pharynx, thyroid, etc.


¿That has consequences


If surgery is performed partial voice could also be affected and temporarily swallowing. However after the rehabilitation we could breathe, speak and eat as usual.

By contrast, if the tumor requires a complete extirpation of the larynx, the consequences are more obvious: We would have stoma (hole) final in the trachea and we should learn to speak by other techniques ( erigmofonia ). Currently we have phonatory prosthesis that have revolutionized the aftermath of these interventions because they allow us to speak with a remarkable quality.


¿You can rebuild the affected tissue after operation


Depending on the aggressiveness of the surgery may be necessary to perform a reconstructive surgery: rebuild the area operated either with flaps local, regional or even microanastomosados. It is a transplant own skin and tissue to cover the area to be resected with the tumor. These techniques require specialized equipment in this type of tumors.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
Dr. F. Xavier Avilés Jurado

By Dr. F. Xavier Avilés Jurado

Otolaryngologist specializing in head and neck pathology. Qualifications Doctorate Cum Laude from the Autonomous University of Barcelona, he has written several articles in journals of class on prognostic factors and molecular markers in head and neck oncology. Recognized as Associate Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, currently performs Rebuilding specialization in microsurgical head and neck by the European Microsurgery School. Dr. Aviles is Associate Professor at the Universitat Rovira i Virgili and member of the Research Group of ENT diseases Institut Pere Virgili.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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