What is aortic valve surgery
The aortic valve is a structure that separates the ventricle, the heart, the aorta which is where all the blood out of the heart and causes blood flow is unidirectional and can not return back. Then when the diseased aortic valve no choice but to operate that person I change the valve and put a new valve or reparársela. This is done by stopping the heart, the aorta is opened, the diseased valve is cut and sewn or new valve is implanted in place.
When you need aortic valve surgery
There are 2 large groups of diseases of the aortic valve, on the one hand that valve to thicken, it is calcified and much the area is reduced, this is called aortic stenosis, and secondly that the valve does not close properly and will escape the blood back, that is called aortic insufficiency. Then there are some international guidelines that are based on measurements, such as in an ultrasound, or in the symptoms that the patient, or whether it affects the heart somehow determines us when to operate each patient.
Risks of aortic valve surgery
Many people must think they are very cumbersome operations with a tremendous risk but actually no longer controlled fairly routine operation done in many hospitals around the world with a risk. They are patients if not operated just know that evil and operated and if all goes well, it is usual, get back to normal life, they can exercise and the main thing is that lengthen their life expectancy.
Postoperative aortic valve surgery
Once the patient is operated surgical intensive care. He is asleep, intubated for a few hours, then in the same UCI him the tracheal tube is removed and usually stays there 2 or 3 days at most. Then they go to a plant normal, conventional hospital and start going to the toilet, to get up, walk and are usually admitted a week of average. Then they begin anticoagulant therapy or not depending on whether they are implanted with a mechanical aortic valve or if it has made them a valve repair or a biological valve. Then at home they will begin to make progressive exercise and between 1 and 2 months recover completely.