This surgery can be performed laparoscopically in most cases, provided by teams with extensive experience in the specialty of general surgery . The diseases most often need surgery are:
Colorectal cancer (CRC)
It is one of the most common cancers and when is not yet a cure has advanced over 90% with proper treatment. Early diagnosis is crucial using colonoscopy at age 50 or younger family in high risk patients. The treatment is surgery, although some patients are given chemotherapy and radiotherapy before surgery. This involves the removal of part of the colon or rectum including affected lymph nodes in the area.
Colon diverticula (diverticulosis and diverticulitis)
They are small pouches that form in the colon by protrusion of the deeper layers through the muscle layer. They are usually asymptomatic but may develop complications that require treatment: Bleeding is rare and only in a few cases required surgical treatment. Diverticulitis is an infection of the diverticulum and surrounding fat. Usually they respond well to intravenous antibiotics but sometimes need intervention. After an episode of diverticulitis always a colonoscopy to rule out other diseases such as colon tumors should be performed.
It is a rare involvement characterized by the presence of multiple polyps in the colon generally associated with a family syndrome due to genetic mutations. When they presented isolated polyps can be removed endoscopically but in cases of polyposis this is not possible. It is premalignant lesions and these patients develop colon cancer at some point if they are not operated.
For surgical treatment is required performance on the rectum and the sigmoid, specifying sometimes a segment resection of the rectum and union or end anastomosis.
This is the start of a part of the rectum through the anus with defecation, with pain and bleeding ulceration. It is usually associated with some degree of incontinence gas and feces. Precise surgery.