Kyphoplasty is a surgical procedure of the spine, minimally invasive, performed for the treatment of certain injuries and diseases of the spine. This is an intervention that is indicated in diseases or conditions such as fractures, osteoporotic vertebral compression, or among others, the tumor crushing and fractures.
This surgical procedure is indicated in cases of severe pain resulting from fractures, even with little deformity, injury or derivatives that weaken the structure of the vertebra. It involves the percutaneous insertion (without opening the column), under fluoroscopic control, a balloon which, upon inflation by the injection of serum restores the height of the affected vertebra acrylic cement subsequently filling it in order to maintain correction achieved by creating an internal support.
Kyphoplasty can be performed in one or more vertebrae in the same procedure and usually requires only between 12 and 24 hours of hospitalization, so it is relatively comfortable for the patient intervention.
Generally achieved, in addition to improving the biomechanics of the spine, restore or improve the vertebral height, diminish or take away the pain early, and in many cases immediately.
Being a minimally invasive procedure reduces complications of open surgery, very significantly shortening the recovery period, and can start up and walk a few hours after surgery. Moreover, it usually does not need to brace or other support.
Today, it is a very common technique and choice-crushing vertebral fractures in patients aged 65 years with a very high success rate and few complications. Today, introduction of biological cements made that this technique can also be used in young patients.