One of the latest advances that Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery is benefiting from is the use of regenerative cells that come from human adipose tissue. We know and use the potential that body fat has to shape the face and body in a natural and lasting way, but we can also take advantage of the biological potential it has thanks to its content in regenerative cells. In addition to adipocytes , fat has a large group of cells to which, as a whole, are called regenerative cells from fat (ADRC in English). Within these are the stem cells, responsible among many other things of driving and facilitating the processes of tissue repair.
Through a process that must be performed in the operating room , the fat extracted from the patient can be processed to isolate these cells with which, in the same surgical act, a fat graft can be enriched or they can be used directly on the affected tissue. Although there are currently several devices that allow the process of obtaining cells automatically, we perform the whole process manually, since the number and vitality of the cells obtained is much greater.
The current uses that can be given to this technology are very different. If the cells are used to enrich a graft of fat, or other tissue, we will be significantly increasing their survival in hostile areas and we will also be exploiting their regenerative power, which is very useful to treat areas with scarring sequelae or vascular supply defects. Increases in breast, penis or twins, facial remodeling in cases of lipodystrophy due to HIV or craniofacial deformities are just some examples. Also the treatment of congenital muscular torticollis or severe cases of Poland Syndrome are other examples but the number of applications will grow considerably in the near future.
If we are not interested in giving volume to an area and we only want a regeneration of the damaged area , the regenerating cells can be used accompanied by a synthetic vehicle of smaller volume. This way of working is more useful to deeply nourish damaged facial skin or to directly treat problematic scars. We could say then, the present of plastic and aesthetic surgery goes through the use of regenerative cells and stem cells that contains our body fat .