The uterine myoma is a type of benign tumor that forms in the muscular tissue of the matrix. Fibroids appear in 1 out of 5 women during their fertile years, and by the age of 50 this number increases to 30 or 40% of women, although in the majority of cases these fibroids have no clinical significance.
Causes of uterine fibroids
The causes for a uterine fibroid may be genetic or hormonal , although it is not known with certainty. They can have different sizes and can be located anywhere in the uterus. Precisely this will depend on your symptoms.
Symptoms of uterine fibroids
- Intermenstronal bleeding.
- Menses abundant with anemia.
- Pressure pain in lower abdomen.
- Sterility .
What consequences do they have on the patient's health?
The uterine fibroids can produce abundant bleeding that give rise to intense anemias. In addition, abdominal pain may also occur with increased voiding frequency and pain during intercourse.
As far as pregnancy is concerned, in some cases the location of the myoma in the uterus may hinder embryo implantation or cause abortions, resulting in infertility .
Treatment of uterine fibroids
It depends on the location and size, and depending on the symptoms described by the patient:
- Medical : hormonal.
- Embolization : decreasing blood supply.
- Surgical : myomectomy (can be done by laparotomy, laparoscopy or hysteroscopy)