capsule endoscopy to explore the small intestine

Written by: Dr. Antonio López Cano
Edited by: Top Doctors®

capsule endoscopy Capsule endoscopy is a device composed of one or two chambers, thanks to its small size (such as a tablet), it is introduced orally and allows viewing and recording the physiological path through the small intestine.


Detects conditions that capsule endoscopy

Endoscopic capsule can locate various diseases, some of which can not be diagnosed with other techniques. The most common are:

  • Ulcer: it is an open sore or raw area that can form in the lining of the stomach or intestine and can have serious consequences, such as bleeding, peritonitis, fistulas, or even loss of nutrients.
  • Angioectasia: also called arteriovenous malformations, anomalies are formed in blood vessels of the small intestinal wall. This condition is more common as a person ages and is also linked with other medical problems such as chronic renal failure or heart valve disease. Only by capsule endoscopy can detect this anomaly.
  • Polyp: a protrusion formed in the intestinal mucosa. Like the angioectasia, you can only be diagnosed by capsule endoscopy.


Advantages of capsule endoscopy

Capsule endoscopy has numerous advantages over other diagnostic techniques in the Digestive System , as conventional endoscopy:

  • It does not require sedation
  • You can be displayed perfectly the structure of the small intestine
  • Image can be played at different speeds
  • You can see completely the entire small intestine
  • Displays the villi (surface absorption) of the intestine
  • It lets see better bowel injuries

This technique applies primarily to those patients in whom traditional endoscopic technique is contraindicated or where they want to access areas of the intestine that otherwise would not be possible.

It should be noted that, in most cases, is not a replacement of the traditional technique, but complementary.


Complications of capsule endoscopy

No significant complications. Only if there stenosis in the intestinal tract, the capsule may remain impacted, so endoscopic or surgical removal will be necessary. However, before administration, always makes sure to other radiological techniques nonexistence of strictures.


How capsule endoscopy works

First, as in the case of endoscopy, capsule endoscopy requires a pre-protocol by the patient, which is simply a fast of at least eight hours, in order that the images taken are as clarifying possible and, therefore, the technique ensures a more reliable diagnosis. In case you want to view the colon, laxatives and requires 24 hours before liquid diet.

The registration process images through this device is about five hours to the small intestine and about eight to view the colon. Thus, since the patient swallows the capsule, it will broadcast video images to the external device the patient, where they remain recorded. After 8-10 hours, the images are downloaded to visualize. A few hours after ingestion of the capsule, the patient can start taking food.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Antonio López Cano

Dr. López Cano is one of the most prestigious medical specialists in both the province of Cadiz and the rest of the Spanish State Gastroenterology. With over 30 years experience, he has completed his academic and professional training in universities and hospitals in the province of Cadiz, Italy and the United States. During his long career he has presented over 200 conference papers, has made more than 50 publications nationally and internationally and has participated in several book chapters, mostly related to ultrasound. Credited as expert ultrasound and Doppler ultrasound gastoenterológica by international institutions, Dr. López Cano is currently medical director of the Astarte of Cadiz Clinic and head of the Gastroenterology Unit, Ultrasound and Endoscopy of it.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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