Kidney cancer is a type of kidney tumor originated in the two organs that whose function is to filter the blood in order to remove wastes and excess fluid from the body through urine.
Kidney cancer is the third most common urological tumor among the adult population. We are currently witnessing an increase in the incidence and prevalence of this tumor, whose causes are still unknown, although this increase could be associated with a higher frequency of obese patients and/or smoking.
The renal cancer mainly affects men and women between 50 and 70 years and originates in the renal tubule.
Currently up to 50 % of cases of kidney cancer are detected incidentally, ie are detected by chance from the realization of imaging tests ( ultrasound and CT ) done other causes. The classic symptoms such as hematuria (blood in urine), low back pain or other are rare in the early stages and therefore not usually the cause of their detection.
The surgery is curative treatment, since the renal cancer is resistant to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The radical surgery (total nephrectomy ) or partial (partial nephrectomy ) are often, therefore, the treatments of choice allowing control and healing. The type of approach mostly done for laparoscopic surgery is because it allows recovery and reinstatement early working life as well as an excellent aesthetic result. If caught early, most cases of kidney cancer are achieved cure.