Ovarian cancer is a malignant tumor that develops in the ovaries, the female reproductive organs. It is the fifth most common cancer among women and causes more deaths than other tumors of the reproductive tract. Its cause is unknown and symptoms are not very clear until the cancer is advanced.
Ovarian cancer symptoms
The symptoms of ovarian cancer are torpid, difficult to recognize as its own entity. The specificity of these causes many times the diagnosis of the disease is already in advanced stages do. We speak of nonspecific abdominal pain, digestion disorders, dyspepsia, nausea, sometimes prone to constipation or feeling of fullness permanent
Ovarian cancer causes
The ultimate causes of ovarian cancer are not known. Yes have detected some risk factors that, in any case, are common to some other tumors:
- Genetic basis, with the presence of certain mutations and familial aggregation around other tumors such as breast or colon
- Postmenopausal women.
In women under 40 years it is rare. Factors that protect or prevent ovarian cancer is also known. Having several children and taking birth control pills decrease the risk of CHD. The annual review with the gynecologist should be nonnegotiable and always include an ultrasound.
Ovarian cancer treatment
The treatment of ovarian cancer is fundamentally surgery. This is used to treat all stages of cancer. These surgeries are usually very complex and may involve the removal of the entire DVD or parts of the same device as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, or other parts of the abdomen. Surgery will be accompanied by chemotherapy in most cases.
Evolution of ovarian cancer
The development of ovarian, cancer survival, can be very good if two factors are met: optimal surgery and chemosensitive tumor.