Changes in the mouth of women at different stages of his life

Written by: Sara Gil Cáceres
Edited by: Top Doctors®

The mouth of the woman goes through several stages that make it more sensitive. They may be hormonal changes or take in outstanding times, such as pregnancy or menopause.

These changes are reflected especially in the smile, which makes it more vulnerable.

These are the possible oral health problems that may have women in the main stages of his life:



Puberty is a stage marked by hormonal changes. Adolescence affects both teeth and gums due to increased estrogen and progesterone. These increase the blood circulation in the gums, promoting the inflammatory response to bacterial plaque. This is known as "pubertal gingivitis" and is usually transient.

It is also a time marked by new experiences, such as snuff, which can sicken gums, tooth decay, halitosis, etc .; piercings, which can cause receding gums, wear and fractures in the teeth; or the onset of eating disorders, which can generate caries, periodontitis, dry mouth, hypersensitivity, etc.


The menstruation

Before menses gingivitis symptoms may appear in what is known as "menstrual gingivitis". There may be bleeding, gum inflammation and ulcers in the cheeks.

On the other hand, are oral contraceptives such as the pill, which can cause increased inflammation of the gums. This happens because they contain a number of similar synthetic hormones estrogen and progesterone.

bordonclinic woman

The pregnancy

About 75% of pregnant women suffering from gingivitis between the third and eighth month. The gums redden, swell and bleed. The reason is the accumulation of plaque, which is enhanced by hormonal and vascular changes characteristic of this stage. If not treated properly it can worsen periodontitis or pyorrhea.

On the other hand, changes in the composition and flow of saliva produced during pregnancy increase the risk of cavities because it difficult neutralization of acids in the mouth and enamel repair. In addition, proper vomiting of pregnancy can weaken tooth enamel.



During menopause, the gums are very weak, so gingivitis and periodontitis may appear. The cause is that the body reduces levels of estrogen and progesterone fact causes a reduction in bone density, which causes the occurrence of osteoporosis and limits the antiinflammatory effect of these hormones on the gingiva.

In addition, at this stage the salivary glands secrete less saliva, triggering xerostomia or dry mouth syndrome.

On the other hand, the use of medications can cause dry mouth, a fact which results in difficulty chewing, swallowing or speaking, dry mouth, halitosis ...

However, increases the risk of caries. In addition, the burning mouth syndrome may appear: intense burning sensation and burning in the mouth. Mainly it affects women postmenop áusicas.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Sara Gil Cáceres

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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