Bulimia is an eating disorder that consists of episodes in which the person ingests large amounts of food much higher than necessary. During this intake the person feels that he can not stop eating and therefore there is a loss of control.
During binge eating usually eat foods that are normally rejected as hypercaloric. The way of eating is also unusual, in a voracious and compulsive way, by swallowing the food without savoring it and mixing the food without order.
In addition, people with bulimia have an excessive concern for fattening. That is why binge eating is usually accompanied by practices to compensate for its effects on weight. Vomiting together with the anomalous use of laxatives and diuretics are the most frequent resource to achieve this.
One of the main factors that triggers binge eating are dysphoric moods such as anxiety, sadness, anger or boredom.. So are the situations of stress and, commonly, others of daily life that have been associated with binge eating.People suffering from bulimia are characterized by not controlling their impulses, not only those related to the food area, (toxic consumption, sexual promiscuity, changes in work and partner, and even robberies and lies).There are multiple causes that can lead to bulimia nervosa. First, the genetic factors that, at least act as predisposing agents. Also sociocultural factors, the rigid and demanding canons of current beauty have much to do both in the appearance and maintenance of the disorder. And, finally, the emotional fragility of each individual. Low self-esteem and perfectionism are frequent characteristics among patients with bulimia.
The consequences of bulimia can be very serious and affect the individual at a psychological level (alterations in mood), at a social level (social relationships are very affected by this problem) and, above all, at a physical level ( abdominal dilation, ulcers, kidney problems and cardiovascular alterations that can even cause death).
The psychological treatment that has proved most effective is cognitive-behavioral. This type of treatment aims to modify the thoughts, attitudes, feelings and behaviors that maintain this eating disorder, as well as to improve those aspects of the person's life that are altered, such as their social relationships, their self-esteem, low mood ...