It is the simplest technique in the stomach reduction interventions. Hardly it entails complications and has a lower risk of malnutrition than other interventions. It is also easily reversible.
Gastric banding is a surgical solution, indicated when you have exhausted all other avenues of treatment for weight loss. This procedure is intended for treatment of severe obesity and associated diseases, when the patient is unable to lose weight with conservative measures for several years.
Preferably, it is applied in obese with low body mass index (BMI). But there may even be proposed in patients with metabolic syndrome and overweight, to change their lifestyle and do not achieve greater increases in weight.
Gastric band and works
The operation of the gastric band involves placing a silicone ring or band around the upper stomach. It is connected via a hollow tube of the same material, to a port or titanium reservoir is placed under the skin.
A special needle to inject the physiological serum through the reservoir system. It swells and a camera that's in the band and step regulates the stomach of food eaten. The mechanism of action is occurring early satiety.
The procedure is performed laparoscopically. It must not be cut or staple the stomach or intestine.
Gastric banding, complications
Complications are usually nonexistent. However, the risk is that in the long run, the band can slip, erode the stomach or in the reservoir problems that necessitate their removal.
Keep in mind that the gastric band has fewer complications than other techniques for reducing stomach. The downside is that less weight loss reaches the gastrectomy or gastric bypass.
Gastric band, postoperative
After surgery, the patient is advised:
- Maintain regular physical activity
- Close and regular monitoring with the multidisciplinary care team obese
- Eat small pieces
- Chew each bite 20 times before swallowing
- Allowing 20 seconds between each bite, allowing time for the food to pass before the next band
- Do not give more than 20 bites in 20 minutes