Implant dentistry is a discipline of dentistry that aims to replace teeth that have been lost by disease or because they never formed by the surgical placement of dental implants in the mandibular and maxillary bone.
Dental implants biocompatible titanium
Although initially the first dental implants were sheet form, currently shaped cylindrical screw parallel or converging walls, with differences in design depending on the manufacturer. The vast majority of companies produce implants based on a degree of biocompatible titanium, which permits osseointegration phenomenon.
Recent advances in dental implantology
In the last decade they have been developed advances in the material from which implants are produced. They have started manufacturing dental implants zirconium, with a high degree of biocompatibility and improved aesthetics. We have also developed new titanium surfaces which increase the osseointegration process, thereby reducing the healing time and increase success rates in patients with poor quality bone.
The digital age has also been present in dental implantology, performing more accurate diagnoses using the CT (Computed Tomography) and the introduction of guided implant surgery, which allows a more conservative treatment and less invasive, improving period postoperative.
Benefits of dental implantology
The benefits of dental implants over other more conventional dental treatments are basically two: the fixing and biological spending.
The loss of one or more teeth involves the partial or total loss of masticatory ability of the person, as the primary objective of the teeth is chewing food for proper digestion. We must not forget that the digestive tract begins in the mouth. The replacement of teeth by means of the implant and subsequent prosthesis allows the patient to choose the ideal choice: fixed missing tooth similar to an option, resulting in greater comfort and confidence when chewing.
The other advantage is that the implant does not generate greater biological spending, ie, it is not necessary to damage the neighbors for making the prosthetic teeth as the new prosthesis supported by dental implants.
Care to keep dental implants
Before placing an implant it is necessary to control two of the most important risk factors in the failure of the implants: bacteria and snuff.
After performing the implant, short term it is recommended not to chew on the wound not to disturb the healing process for the integration of the implant with bone. In the long term, it is important to maintain proper oral hygiene neighbors and implant teeth to prevent plaque is deposited on the surface of the implant and can cause an infection of the gums and bone that surround it, forming a Periimplantitis that it can cause loss of the implant, in the same way that leads to periodontitis tooth loss.
You should also check parafunctional habits such as bruxism, which generate excessive pressure on the bone surrounding the implant and causes loss of binding it with the implant.