¿What is arthroscopy?
The word arthroscopy is derived from the Greek words Arthros ( joint) and Scopos ( vision). The technique involves the visual exploration of the joint, which is done by placing a small lens to visionary it without having to open. So this way we diagnose and treat joint injuries is very aggressive and patients just suffer.
¿That type of injury often suffers ankle?
Like any joint in the body, the ankle can have traumatic injuries affecting the bones that form (tibia, fibula and talus ), and lesions of the cartilage covering the bones. Also at its periphery there is a lot of injured tendons may also. Trauma may cause functional sequelae that limit or impair the powers of the joint in the form of stiffness, contracture, swelling or Pain.
Besides the traumatic ankle injury also participates in inflammatory conditions of musculoskeletal system in its various rheumatic disorders, metabolic, neuropathic, endocrinological, vascular, infectious or tumor.
The ankle has some special features for its anatomical and functional entailment foot and being a cargo joint working synergistically with other skeletal structures of the lower body. Still in general terms no different from other joints in the type of pathologies being treated.
¿, in which cases the arthroscopic technique applies ankle injury?
Arthroscopy was used in the beginning as a method of diagnosis but today there are even less invasive techniques such as Resonance. Therefore currently applied in their treatment modality and surgical technique to solve the problems of articulation previously diagnosed.
Being a relatively new technique, its application as a surgical method mainly depends on the experience. Not all orthopedic surgeons and orthopedic use it for the same treatments in expert hands, ankle arthroscopy allows the treatment of chondral and osteochondral most injuries, tendons, and synovial lesions ligament injuries.
Arthroscopy allows to recognize and treat a ligament injury that has gone unnoticed ( commonly known as a“ sprained badly healed&rdquo ;), a common pathology of the ankle.
¿, consisting in the intervention?
Generally ankle arthroscopy is performed with anesthesia spinal (from waist down ) and sedation with a function of the patient's needs. Two or three cuts of between two and three millimeters to enter the optics ( the arthroscope ) and different endoscopic tools that will intervene on the lesion are made. Sometimes a third approach is done to expand the work area or to irrigate the joint with saline to distend one particularly close articular space. After the operation the incisions are closed with a suture and semicompresivo bandage is applied.
¿, how long the patient to recover after the intervention?
Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that restores the functions of the operated area in less time and with greater ease than using other more aggressive surgical procedures. Still not a miracle procedure, recovery times of tissue that marks our biology must be respected to get the right result. Thus repair soft tissue such as ligaments, require less recovery time functional repairs that affect the bones.