Basics and doubts about contraception

Written by: Dra. Sofía Ortega Ricondo
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Since it began trading the first birth control pills until now, research has been relentless contraception. Specialists in Gynecology explained that as a result more and more contraceptive options for couples who want a birth control there.

Contraceptive methods

Barrier contraceptives:

  • condom Male and female condoms.
  • The diaphragm (little used in Spain).


Hormonal contraceptives:

Many types of hormonal contraceptives, which may be oral, vaginal or transdermal route. There are also the only progesterone subdermal implant, Implanon NXT.


There are two types of IUDs:

  • Copper: the ideal for women who have had children and that their rules are not particularly abundant or painful classic.
  • Hormonal. There Mirena for women with heavy periods and have had children, and Jaydess, for women who have not yet had children (also decreases the volume of bleeding).


Definitive and irreversible contraceptive methods

For women:

  • Classical tubal ligation, which can be laparoscopically or vaginally and ambulatory path (Essure).

For man:

  • Vasectomy.

The use of either contraceptive depends on the characteristics, age, disease and risk factors for each woman. It is therefore important that women resort to professional advice before use.

All the above methods have a high security provided they are used correctly. Therefore it is also important to make a good choice of contraceptive method.


Myths about contraception

There are many myths continue to circulate among current users of contraception and the need to banish. One is that contraceptives cause infertility and is required rest periods.

Both claims are completely false and this means that in many cases are an impediment to use birth control correctly, unfortunately increasing the number of unwanted pregnancies.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dra. Sofía Ortega Ricondo
Obstetrics & Gynecology

Dr. Sofia Ortega Ricondo is a prestigious gynecologist specializing in reproduction. Degree in Medicine and Surgery from the University of Cantabria, she has a Master's Degree in Human Reproduction from the Complutense University of Madrid. He is a member of different associations such as the Spanish Fertility Society (SEF), the Spanish Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics (SEGO) and the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE). He is currently Head of Reproductive Section at the Prince of Asturias University Hospital, Alcalá de Henares.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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