Ankle arthroscopy is the surgical technique that, as in other joints of the human body, is performed using an optic that is inserted through a small incision. This incision we call portal, and in this way we can see the interior of the joint without opening it , thanks to the optics or tiny camera. In addition, through another portal you can solve multiple injuries of the joint on which we are working.
In this technique, the portals can be of two types: previous or later. The type of portal with which we will develop ankle arthroscopy will depend on whether it is an anterior or posterior ankle arthroscopy.
Recommend a type of ankle arthroscopy will depend on several factors, as we have seen previously. Anterior atroscopy is recommended in cases of syndromes of anterior ankle impingement or in osteochondral lesions. These two lesions are the main cases in which anterior arthroscopy is indicated.
On the other hand, the implementation of posterior arthroscopy will be carried out mainly in syndromes of posterior impingement, Os Trigonum syndrome and lesions of the long lexor tendon of the big toe.
Benefits and indications
The main benefits of ankle arthroscopy compared to other more conventional techniques is that the incisions are minimal, there are much fewer risks and recovery is earlier. Once subjected to the technique, the patient must use English canes or crutches for a few days. In addition, low molecular weight heparin is beneficial for a few days, although in most cases loading and early mobility is allowed.