What is knee arthroplasty?
The main function of an orthopedic surgeon is the recovery of injured joints. In this case, the knee is a joint that is spent with the use of day to day and the arthroplasty consists of replacing this joint, replacing the worn joint with a prosthetic joint that will allow us the total functionality of the joint and be able to perform a totally normal activity on a day-to-day basis.
Which patients should undergo this surgery?
All those patients who suffer arthrosis in the joint or who have suffered a previous trauma that has led to wear of the joint cartilages and, in any case, those people who have lost the knee axis and conventional treatments to recover Articular cartilages are no longer enough to have a good joint function.
What characteristics does this intervention have?
The knee prosthesis intervention consists in the prosthetic replacement of the affected joint. It is a surgery performed with epidural anesthesia, usually at 24 hours the patient gets up to walk around the room and carrying the weight of the body on his prosthetic knee and usually at 72 hours, and with a fairly consistent ambulation, they are given of discharge and continue with the ambulatory recovery at home.
What advantages do you offer to patients? Do you have any risk?
Total knee arthroplasty is a technique that must be used when the joint situation is limited, so there comes a time when joint wear and the situation of the knee cartilages advise simply replace that knee by an artificial joint because you can not regenerate or you can take advantage of the worn knee, and in that sense has certain limitations depending on the characteristics of patients such as age, concomitant diseases such as diabetes or hypertension, coagulation disorders, etc.. However nowadays with a correct pre-operative analysis and adjusting the technique to the minimum invasion and the minimum possible stay, practically all of the patients can benefit from this surgery.