Venous leg circulation is directly related to the orthostatic position (standing) of man and the law of gravity. The calf muscle pump allows the rise of blood and venous valves prevent the blood column venous return again descend and can reach the heart.
Varicose veins: what they are and what cause
Varicose veins are dilated veins that prevent the proper functioning of the venous return to the heart. These expansions produce a fault in the valve apparatus that prevents proper return of venous circulation, producing symptoms: heaviness, tiredness, itching, cramps and bloating. In addition, specialists in Angiology claim that varicose veins can get complicated with ulcers, thrombosis and bleeding.
Causes of varicose veins
There are certain risk factors that can influence the appearance of varicose veins:
- sedentary activity
- Spend many hours sitting / a
- Spend many hours standing (there are risk jobs)
- hormonal treatments
How varicose veins diagnosed
The diagnosis is performed by a specialist in vascular medicine by history , physical examination and venous Ecodoppler, designed to measure the ebb and state of deep and superficial venous system.
Spider veins, onset of chronic venous disease
Spider veins are the first phase of chronic venous disease. They are presented as dilations of the capillary plexus visible to the naked eye and are a frequent reason for consultation aesthetic. However, it must always be done with venous hemodynamic diagnosis to rule Ecodoppler varicose pathology.
Treatment of spider veins and varicose veins
Treatment of spider veins is sclerotherapy, which can be done with liquid or microfoam. This is a simple treatment, outpatient, with minimal risks if done by expert hands. It consists of micro injections of a product that obtains a complete fibrosis, with the disappearance of pathological varicose vein.
Sclerotherapy may be performed, in some cases, guided transilluminator or Ecodoppler thus guaranteeing longer lasting results and a minimum of sessions.
Tips to prevent varicose and spider veins
The best way to prevent chronic venous disease is to counteract the sedentary activity playing sports or walking, fighting overweight, wear compression stockings or avoid sun exposure, among other recommendations.