spider veins and varicose veins, first symptom of poor venous circulation

Written by: Dra. Maya Gracia Graells
Published: | Updated: 21/02/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Venous leg circulation is directly related to the orthostatic position (standing) of man and the law of gravity. The calf muscle pump allows the rise of blood and venous valves prevent the blood column venous return again descend and can reach the heart.

spider veins

Varicose veins: what they are and what cause

Varicose veins are dilated veins that prevent the proper functioning of the venous return to the heart. These expansions produce a fault in the valve apparatus that prevents proper return of venous circulation, producing symptoms: heaviness, tiredness, itching, cramps and bloating. In addition, specialists in Angiology claim that varicose veins can get complicated with ulcers, thrombosis and bleeding.

 

Causes of varicose veins

There are certain risk factors that can influence the appearance of varicose veins:

  • Heritage
  • Overweight
  • sedentary activity
  • Spend many hours sitting / a
  • Spend many hours standing (there are risk jobs)
  • hormonal treatments
  • pregnancies

 

How varicose veins diagnosed

The diagnosis is performed by a specialist in vascular medicine by history , physical examination and venous Ecodoppler, designed to measure the ebb and state of deep and superficial venous system.

 

Spider veins, onset of chronic venous disease

Spider veins are the first phase of chronic venous disease. They are presented as dilations of the capillary plexus visible to the naked eye and are a frequent reason for consultation aesthetic. However, it must always be done with venous hemodynamic diagnosis to rule Ecodoppler varicose pathology.

 

Treatment of spider veins and varicose veins

Treatment of spider veins is sclerotherapy, which can be done with liquid or microfoam. This is a simple treatment, outpatient, with minimal risks if done by expert hands. It consists of micro injections of a product that obtains a complete fibrosis, with the disappearance of pathological varicose vein.

Sclerotherapy may be performed, in some cases, guided transilluminator or Ecodoppler thus guaranteeing longer lasting results and a minimum of sessions.

 

Tips to prevent varicose and spider veins

The best way to prevent chronic venous disease is to counteract the sedentary activity playing sports or walking, fighting overweight, wear compression stockings or avoid sun exposure, among other recommendations.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dra. Maya Gracia Graells
Phlebology

Renowned specialist in Angiology and Vascular Medicine at the French University of Montpellier, Dr. Gracia Graells is the medical director of the Center for Vascular Diseases Dra. Maya Gracia. Also he directs dissertations in the Master in Aesthetic Medicine at the University of the Balearic Islands and teaches at the Masters of Phlebology and Lymphology University of Alcala de Henares and Madrid Ruber Clinic and Aesthetic Medicine of the University of the Balearic Islands. He has participated in numerous conferences and lectures nationwide. He is a member of several national and international medical societies.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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