Bipolar disorder or bipolar spectrum disorder is based on a set of mental disorders of different nature. Its most notable characteristic is the instability that it causes in the emotions, in the thoughts and in the behaviors, to make doubt to the one who suffers it on who is really. Two people with bipolar disorder can be totally different, which makes their diagnosis difficult and requires to customize the treatments to be effective. It is important to emphasize that this is a brain-based disease, in which the patient will show seasons in which he will find it difficult to identify his emotions and perceptions of reality.
The announcement of having a bipolar disorder is not easy to fit. It is important to assume it with determination and realism to enjoy a good quality of life. It will be very useful to have the maximum professional, family and social support, and in this way, to deal calmly with the problem.
Psychiatrists agree that diagnosis of bipolar disorder is not always easy as there is no medical evidence to confirm it today. The confirmation is based on symptoms and at the moment mental health professionals try to avoid the progression of the disease and therefore act early when the symptoms are mild. It is increasingly involved in initial forms, in children and adolescents. The good news is that there are more and more effective pharmacological treatments, which are very helpful if the patient becomes an ally of the therapy.
If treatment is interrupted or not performed correctly there is a risk of relapse. The patient should strictly follow the treatment and develop his / her self-observation ability without being exaggerated. You need to learn to detect changes in your mood to get this information to your treatment team.
Families are initially as disoriented as the patient himself and lack information about the disease, so it is essential that they become involved in the treatment. With professional help they will begin to understand that many behaviors of the patient are not the result of bad faith. They will assume the role of carers for difficult times and will be helped to alleviate their negative feelings, their tiredness and uncertainty.
Guidelines and tips for people with bipolar disorder
Healthy lifestyles based on stress reduction, good nutrition, alcohol and drug restriction, and regular sports activities should be created.
Sleep habits are the most important and it is not convenient to go to bed late or sleep less than usual. The phases of decompensation are usually announced with variations in the form of sleep, generally less hours but also, sometimes, with more drowsiness.
In other aspects, the most important thing is to take things slowly. That will make the patient feel that it is easier to achieve their fundamental goal of living with a bipolar disorder and at the same time maintaining a good level of well-being.