Dental implants are an effective and minimally invasive when replacing missing teeth.
For proper treatment plan with dental implants it is necessary to perform a complete patient history, a detailed radiological diagnosis and proper assessment of the case. It is important to consider many aspects as systemic diseases, the psychological aspect and age, as well as a thorough examination of the oral cavity assessing morphological changes, alveolar waste, bony ridges ... In short, all the hard tissue and soft of the patient's mouth.
Usually, if the patient 's general condition is good and there is good quantity and / or quality of bone, it would be indicated dental implants. In patients with low bone height or width, several possibilities, such as placing bone grafts, whether the same patient or biological or synthetic materials currently exist.
Before making this dental procedure it is essential to talk to the patient of different situations that may arise, a record in the informed consent; which should be reflected as well as patient data, professional and signature of both.
Dental Implants: rejection
Dental implants are made mostly of titanium, one of its properties is the excellent biocompatibility with any tissue in the body, so it is unlikely to cause allergies or rejection. Recent studies show that the rejection rate is below 0.6%.
A situation that can occur is the lack of osseointegration necessary to hold the implant in the mouth. This can occur for various reasons such as technical problems in surgery or dependent patient, the quality of bone, gum disease or existence of risk factors (diseases, snuff and inadequate hygiene).
Maintenance of dental implants
A high percentage of success of a dental treatment depends on the patient, so it is essential to maintain as a thorough oral hygiene, eliminate or reduce smoking and attend visits periodic monitoring to detect early any possible alteration in both hard and soft tissues and thus avoid any complications and possible loss of the dental implant.
During the visit with the specialist in dentistry the implant assembly with the implant prosthesis is evaluated in terms of function, aesthetics, comfort and patient satisfaction, as well as the health of the supporting tissues.
Is it possible to place dental implants if there is no space?
If you let long after tooth extraction, the bone is reabsorbed and narrowing gullet therefore should assess the bone and the space.
If the patient has insufficient amount of bone tissue can resort to bone regeneration, bone graft and even the maxillary sinus lift implant to provide the necessary surface for support. In this case it would mean an extra surgery, a budget increase and timeout. Dental implants provide a great solution and benefit, offering health and cosmetic dentistry patients with a higher success rate to 98%.
Edited by Noelia García Pino