Endodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of illness or injury of the dental pulp (tissue containing nerves and blood vessels located in structures inside the tooth chamber and root canals calls ). The most common treatment is endodontics or root canal treatment.
Applications of endodontics
The root canal is a treatment used to keep the tooth in case of injury of the pulp, thus avoiding extraction. This is the first treatment that has to be seen since there is nothing better than the tooth itself and extraction is an irreversible treatment.
Causes of pulp injury
The pulp injuries have different causes: deep decay, major reconstructions, trauma, malocclusion, bruxism, periodontal disease, root exposure, etc.
At other times endodontics parts that need to be carved for placement of crowns or bridges it indicated.
Technical and root canal treatment
Endodontics is a painstaking but painless procedure performed with an appropriate anesthetic technique which requires time. It involves removing the pulp complex, cleaning, disinfection and root canal shaping, drying and subsequent filling and sealing them.
Achieving these objectives it is hampered by the anatomical complexity of some teeth, which are a challenge for the endodontist.
In the days after the completion of the endodontic days postoperative discomfort that may arise will be treated with proper medication.
During this time you should avoid chewing hard foods with the treated part until the temporary filling is replaced with the definitive coronal restoration. It is often advisable to place a bag or cusp protection to protect the tooth and reduce the possibility of fracture.
Once past the postoperative periodically to check clinic and radiographic the proper development and tissue healing reviews are conducted.
Result of endodontics
Root canal treatment has a success rate around the 95%. This is a predictable, safe and effective to save the tooth that would otherwise be lost treatment.
After proper rehabilitation the endodontic tooth behaves like the others, both in function and durability. The teeth, however, is susceptible to new diseases and requires the same maintenance of oral hygiene and regular than other teeth reviews.