Anxiety, the body's response to situations it interprets as dangerous

Written by: Ángela Santos García
Edited by: Anna Raventós Rodríguez

Anxiety is an activation reaction that undergoes the organism and allows it to prepare to give an answer to a situation that it interprets as dangerous. It is a normal process that is adaptive for the best survival of the person.


As an innate mechanism, it can appear throughout life, from infancy to the third age, in which it may also appear related to other disorders. Even so, it usually appears in adulthood.


What causes anxiety?

The causes of anxiety are very varied. As mentioned above, this is the result of a subjective assessment of external danger, which activates the need to start up the body for such a hazard. The interpretation varies in each person and, therefore, the sensitivity to it is individual. In addition to this, there are a number of situations which by their characteristics are often the cause of such a reaction. These can be:


  • Biological factors of other relatives who suffer.
  • The educational and family environment that has educated the coping of these situations.
  • Chemical imbalances of neurotransmitters or substances that regulate the brain.
  • Crisis situations, radical changes in our life or difficult problems, such as separation, the death of a relative, dismissal, change of house, a recent marriage or the birth of a child.
  • Traumatic events we may have experienced.
  • Stress of everyday things.


Many of these a priori situations are positive and desired, but they put the person in a situation that requires many resources to overcome.


Symptoms of anxiety

Each person can present different symptoms, and there are those that are especially annoying for the person who suffers. Some of them are:


  • anxiety Palpitations, heart shaking, or increased heart rate
  • Sweating
  • Shaking or shaking
  • Feeling of choking or shortness of breath
  • Feeling choking
  • Chest tightness or discomfort
  • Nausea or abdominal discomfort
  • Instability, dizziness or fainting
  • Derealization (feeling of unreality) or depersonalization (being separated from oneself)
  • Fear of losing control or going crazy
  • Affraid to die
  • Paresthesias (feeling numb or tingling)
  • Chills or suffocations
  • Irritability
  • Sleep disturbances (difficulty in reconciling or maintaining sleep, or sensation when waking up from unrefreshing sleep)
  • Muscle tension
  • Reduced awareness of your environment (being stunned)
  • Restlessness or impatience
  • Easy Fatigability
  • Difficulty concentrating or having a blank mind


From Anxiety to Panic Attack

Anxiety ends in a panic attack when some of the physical reactions mentioned are given very intensely, accompanied by the feeling of lack of ability to control this reaction, and even the conviction that one can die at that time. These symptoms in a panic attack start abruptly and reach their maximum expression within the first 10 minutes.


How is anxiety treated?

There are many treatments for this disorder. At the moment the techniques of last generation are giving very good results in the knowledge, diminution and management of the anxiety. They focus on the three elements of the human being: his thought, his emotion and his behavior. Working with the patient gradually improves exposure to situations that generate anxiety, reducing the intensity of symptoms and normalizing the life of the person. This allows not only solving the problem but also the subjective perception of happiness, self-esteem and autonomy.


Is There Chronic Anxiety?

This chronic maintenance is not the most numerous with respect to anxiety. It is a feeling of concern, the fear that people have in the face of an uncertain outcome. Anxiety disorders are often one of the most numerous reasons for consultation; With the intervention of a psychologist is surpassed and allows the person lead a normal and satisfactory life.


Thus, to prevent the disorder from being lengthened it is important to get to work on the solution as soon as possible.


For more information consult a psychologist .

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Ángela Santos García

Angela Santos Garcia is a recognized specialist in psychology, expert in crisis communication, coping with complex situations, research, leadership, conflict management. He has a master's degree in Behavior Therapy and has the authorization to train personnel that develops its task forces and law enforcement agencies, such as police and civil guard. He has conducted numerous courses and projects forming the Rey Juan Carlos University and the University of Miami (with a unique project in Europe). Cooperation in various digital and print magazines, and has been a speaker at various conferences and congresses.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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