Alopecia: Cause and Treatment

Written by: Dr. Francisco José López Gil
Published: | Updated: 16/12/2017
Edited by: Top Doctors®

The renewal of the scalp implies a maximum daily fall of 100 hairs, which is not a pathology, but a normal phenomenon in every human being. In any case, many people consult the dermatologist when the hair loss lasts for weeks and months causing the loss of capillary volume.

Female Alopecia : Causes and Treatment

What are the causes?

  • Alteration in the thyroid gland: Abnormalities of the thyroid gland are very frequent. The most common is Hypothyroidism, which means that the gland works little
  • Postpartum, 3-4 months after delivery.
  • Stress. It manifests with hair loss around the scalp or in the form of bald spots (alopecia areata)
  • Sudden loss of body weight, eating disorders (anorexia-bulimia) or poor nutrition in general
  • Surgical intervention or serious infection (detected 3-4 months after the intervention / infection)
  • Hormone fall (estrogen) in the menopause: weakening and lower capillary density
  • Female androgenetic alopecia by inheritance. It is rare

How to treat it?

  • Correct the lack of iron, vitamins or deficiencies after performing a blood test
  • Oral, capillary nutrition treatments
  • Hair lotions composed with different ingredients to strengthen the blood circulation of the
  • hair, reduce fat, peeling.

Male Alopecia: Causes and Treatment

What are the causes?

  • Nerves, anxiety or other disorder (surgery, accident, etc.). Global fall or in certain areas (alopecia areata) at all ages
  • Androgenetic alopecia (hereditary + hormonal factors). This is the most common fall in men between 20 and 30 years

How to treat it?

  • Oral, capillary nutrition treatments
  • Hair lotions
  • Finasteride 1mg: Sole active ingredient for male androgenetic alopecia. Acts at the enzymatic-hormonal level. Indicated in men under 41 years who are losing their hair. Stops the fall and improves the thickness of existing hair. It should be taken daily on a continuous basis for years.
  • Side effects: decreased sexual desire at the beginning of treatment (1.8%), reversible after stopping treatment.

What is the hair transplant?

Hair transplantation or capillary implantation is a minor surgical procedure that has been used for more than 25 years with very satisfactory results.

In essence it consists in the transfer of hair roots from one part of the scalp to another that has definitely lost the root of the hair, usually due to hereditary causes, stress or some type of accident.. The root implanted in a new place grows in the same way as in the place of its extraction.

Who are candidates for a hair transplant?

All those people, men or women, who have lost hair on one part of their scalp (either on the front of the scalp, on the crown of the head, or at some other location) are candidates for a hair transplant. to make treatments based on lotions, vitamins or some other medical treatment can not get it back. When the person is not satisfied with maintaining their hair, but wants to have more, the hair transplant is the appropriate treatment.

In hair transplantation a limited number of roots is extracted, which is usually between 2,000 and 3,000 hairs (the maximum that can be done in a single intervention) and these roots are moved to the place we want to cover or repopulate. Naturally the ideal candidate is that person who has very little bald area and therefore much hair in the rest of the head. The more hair the person has lost, the more difficult it is to obtain an excellent result.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
Dr. Francisco José López Gil

By Dr. Francisco José López Gil
Dermatology

Dermatologist with extensive experience, is expert in the treatment of alopecia. He directs the Dermatology Unit at Teknon Medical Center.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection


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