Fibromyalgia is defined as a disease of painful (non-joint) condition that involves the musculature. It is the most common cause of chronic and generalized muscle pain.
That is its main characteristic presents generalized and chronic pain (more than 3 months duration). In addition, to diagnose it, there must be pain when a finger pressure is made on approximately 11 of the 18 key points of the body.
Most common alterations
It has been scientifically proven that there are alterations in pain neurotransmitters. The most important is found in serotonin, which intervenes in the inhibition of painful sensations and is greatly diminished in people with fibromyalgia.. Although there may also be alterations in dopamine and endorphins, among others. The symptoms that appear more frequently are: alterations in the rhythm of sleep, psychological alterations, decrease in strength, pain in the locomotor system and extreme tiredness .
Treatment of fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia is a chronic disease and therefore has no cure. The treatment should be focused on improving the symptoms suffered by the person and improving their quality of life. The most advisable is to perform a multidisciplinary action involving various treatments: pharmacological (analgesics, anti-inflammatories, antidepressants, ...), physiotherapy, psychotherapy, sports and nutrition.
Feeding in fibromyalgia
Usually, a chronic loss of calcium and magnesium occurs in the body of people with fibromyalgia . In addition, it is also common to find a deficit of Selenium , Zinc , Iodo , Iron and Vitamin D.
Proteins must provide 15% of the energy consumed throughout the day and most must be of plant origin. Recommended foods are fish, legumes and egg. In the case of carbohydrates, sugars must represent 45% of the energy consumed throughout the day. Tubers, vegetables, fruit and less cereals are recommended. Finally, fats (mostly monounsaturated fatty acids) must represent 35% of the energy consumed.
One of the main nutritional objectives to treat autoimmune diseases such as fibromyalgia is to boost the immune system through a good intake of vitamins, minerals and proteins.
The main dietary recommendations for fibromyalgia are:
-Make a basifying diet, that is, rich in minerals such as magnesium, calcium and potassium, and low in sodium (salt)
-Make a good contribution of antioxidants: vitamin C, A, E, Selenium, Zinc and phytochemicals such as flavonoids or quercetin.
-Make a correct intake of vitamin D to ensure the absorption of calcium at the intestinal level.
-Consume Omega-3 for its anti-inflammatory effect and improvement of depression states.
-Consume raw vegetables in the main meals to increase the supply of antioxidant vitamins.
-To ensure a good intake of energy and nutrients, it is recommended to divide the food into 5 intakes a day.