What is the induction of oral tolerance or desensitization food?
The induction of oral tolerance is to try to make the allergic person, to one or more foods, achieve tolerate in amounts usually ingest non allergic to that food. Where it is not possible to achieve tolerance to these quantities, it is intended to achieve tolerance dose of food at least ensure prevent or minimize the development of anaphylaxis, allergic reaction produced by the intake of trace or food contamination during manufacture or processing of all kinds of food.
It should be noted that the induction of oral tolerance is used for cases of food allergy, not for patients with food intolerance. These patients with intolerance which often are patients with lactose intolerance milk, have a lack or deficiency of an enzyme, lactase. This protein is responsible for degrading the lactose. This decrease can not be corrected by this treatment. In fact, your treatment is to avoid intake of foods with lactose or any other type of front components that patients show intolerance, for example, sugars such as fructose.
What is the treatment?
The treatment provided by the specialist in Allergology , is the regular administration and increasing amounts of food to which the person is allergic. Usually patients come to consultation once a week where they are administered orally food a particular dose and tolerance checks. This same dose administered daily over a week at the patient's home and a week later comes back to see where your tolerance for a higher dose will be checked.
How often lasts?
The process is highly variable depending on the severity / intensity of allergy presented by the patient. A process to be developed without significant reactions usually lasts three months. In more severe or important reactions cases the process can be extended to near the year periods.
What foods are working?
The two foods in our environment are most often oral tolerance inductions are performed are milk and egg. But they have also made inductions tolerance with other foods such as wheat, soy, fish or nuts.
You can get cure or correct an allergy?
In 80% of cases the treatments reach the patient achieve tolerance usual amounts of foods to which you are allergic (p. eg. an egg or 200 ml of milk) or at least smaller quantities but which minimize the risk of anaphylaxis and allow people to keep a close to normal diet.
What patients can follow this treatment?
The treatment can be performed in both children and adults, although most experience focuses on the former.
What makes patient monitoring during and after treatment?
While performing oral tolerance induction will be given to the patient a series of standards on how to take food, as well as an action plan to address the possible allergic reactions that occur during this phase induction. Both before and during and after completion of the induction process to perform analytical determinations patient blood and skin tests showing the correct modification or normalization of the immune response generated by the allergic response.
Edited by Roser Berner Ubasos.