Gingival known or gummy smile smile appears as a result of what we call passive eruption. This problem is usually recognized when the margin of the gum is covering part of the tooth, so that when smiling the patient does not show the whole tooth.
So if we observe that we teach a lot of gum or our teeth are very square , we should consult with a periodontist. Although the appearance is sometimes not enough to detect a passive eruption altered so that whenever the gum is inflamed and blood after performing dental hygiene, and if the dentist does not find a solution, we must also go to a periodontist to assess whether there is a problem of altered passive eruption.
We must know that the altered passive eruption is not only an aesthetic issue but also means that the gum is resting on the tooth, but is not attached to it because it only adheres to the cement radicular. That is, in these cases a space will be created that in the future will be colonized by bacteria , causing decay on the enamel of the tooth or inflaming the gum with the consequent destruction of the bone, what we know as periodontitis or pyorrhea .
In most cases the treatment for altered passive rash is very simple. With an ambulatory surgery in which we eliminate the excess of gum and, in many occasions, the excess of bone the patient can enjoy a much prettier smile and above all avoid problems in the future.