Who is affected by otosclerosis?

Written by: Dr. Alejandro Harguindey Antolí-Candela
Published: | Updated: 19/05/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®

The otosclerosis is a disease that affects the ear bone, usually hereditary and produces hearing loss. Most commonly affects the stirrup, but the most advanced cases also affect the inner ear. It is more common in women and may worsen during pregnancy or nursing, as well as hormonal treatments (oral contraceptives).

 

Causes of otosclerosis

There is no specific factor that causes otosclerosis. There is often a family history, but not necessarily have been identified as otosclerosis. Many times these backgrounds are unknown.

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Symptoms of otosclerosis

Otosclerosis is presented as progressive hearing loss (hearing loss) which in some cases is associated with ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and dizziness. It is rare to appear in childhood, although it is possible and typically more common in middle-aged women (± 40 years), although it can affect all ages. Some women experience an increase in hearing loss during pregnancy and lactation.

 

Treatment of otosclerosis

Classically treatments have been given various minerals trying to contain the spread of the disease, but have shown little useful. The only treatment is surgical.

A surgery of otosclerosis is known as Stapedectomy, and is to replace the stapes with a prosthesis. The laser and perform usual is to get a very good hearing result. Complications are rare.

On the other hand, the alternative in severe cases with profound hearing loss is the cochlear implant.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Alejandro Harguindey Antolí-Candela
Otolaringology

Dr. Harguindey Antolí-Candela is a renowned otorhinolaryngologist Director of the Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery Institute of Madrid since 2002. He is also the coordinator of this specialty service at HM Hospitales. He is a collaborating professor at the Medical Sciences Department of the San Pablo University. The Doctor is a Bronze Medal of the Spanish Society of Otorhinolaryngology and Cervical-Facial Pathology (SEORL). He has participated in congresses and courses at national and international level, and is a co-author of book chapters. He has also published in specialty magazines nationally and internationally.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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