A stroke is a movement disorder of the brain that occurs acutely when part of the brain does not receive blood and therefore fails. It can occur either because a vessel occludes blood and stop reaching and because it breaks a glass, draw blood out of it and produce lack of cerebral irrigation.
Can occur at any age but, the longer a person, the possibility of suffering be higher. On the other hand, although there had always been more prevalent in men than in women, changes in lifestyles, more and more will equaling incidence in both sexes.
Symptoms of stroke
Stroke can give multiple symptoms, but the main to detect it are three:
- Deviation of the oral commissure
- Anesthesia or clumsiness half body
The combination of two of these symptoms, especially if they appear abruptly, may mean that the person is having a stroke. That's the main thing to detect it and go to an emergency room.
Other symptoms may include unsteady gait or double vision, but those mentioned above are the most important when it comes to detect.
How to deal with a stroke
Currently, the treatment in the acute phase, ie, when that occurs, since treatments are available that can achieve, if it is an ischemic stroke (from a lack of irrigation) open is very important glass.
Therefore, the first thing to do at the moment it is detected is to go to the emergency room, because the problem is that these treatments are only effective in the early hours and the sooner you do, for less time will suffer the brain and better will be the result. Keep in mind that in a minute brain can suffer irreversible ischemia, so the sooner you open, more part will be in operation.
Treatment of stroke
There are two main types of treatment:
- Intravenous thrombolysis: it involves injecting a thrombolytic substance intravenously. This substance is a powerful anticoagulant that acts to open the vessels.
- Intra - arterial thrombolysis: it can be done within the first six hours. Involves making a catateterismo, reach the occluded zone and, using special devices to remove the clot and restore normal circulation.
How to prevent a stroke
There are drugs that could prevent a stroke when it has already occurred, as analgesics or anti-coagulants, and on the other hand there are those healthy habits:
- Control hypertension, diabetes and cholesterol
- Do not smoke or take drugs
- Avoid stress
- A healthy and balanced diet to prevent hyperlipidemia (excess lipids in the blood)
Thus the main recommendation is that people care, keep healthy habits, which is the main thing, because prevention is better than cure.
On the other hand, if you have the misfortune of suffering a stroke, it is important to be aware. Just as when one is chest pain runs to the hospital without doubt, a person who has difficulty speaking, a deviation from the mouth or awkwardness to handle medium body, has to do the same. The sooner you act specialists Neurology in the treatment of stroke, the more likely to recover the damaged part.
Sequelae of stroke
Keep in mind that stroke is the leading cause of disability in the general population. As discussed above, the sooner you can treat stroke, the less chance there will be disability. Of course, there are strokes that by its severity, leave sequels and leave the patient disabled depending on the degree to which the brain is damaged, while there are others that, because it soon or because they have not been as extensive, leave no disability.