Memory is defined as the ability to recall facts or data. Indeed, there are several types of memory, but the main classification is divided into two types:
- Short - term memory: Also called operational or work. It is what allows us to keep in mind for a few seconds or minutes information that we will use for any purpose but do not always need to store. An example would be a number that you think of an addition or a multiplication or a phone number that is targeted at the time.
- Long - term memory: is one in which memories, thoughts, feelings, which were subsequently recall voluntarily or not, looking at it, as if it were stored warehouse.
In addition, information from short-term memory can be passed to the long-term memory if you want or if sufficient time remains. This is where the concept of care enters the relationship between attention and memory is critical and there are specialists who even say they are almost the same.
When a child begins to have memory?
From birth memory is acquired, probably it not as generally understood. One is not currently remember when he was born, but a newborn remembers the faces of the people you see. Even unconsciously, at this age memory is used to establish relationships.
When is a child having memory problems?
It is extremely rare to find memory problems in children, unless they have had an accident that has shaken their nervous system or have suffered very disturbing experiences whose memory block your own brain.
In children there are problems with attention that affect memory: no attention on quality, quantity and duration, there will be information to remember because it is not stored. That the symptom to look for.
How is a memory - related problem diagnosed?
For detection of attention problems, we must evaluate the related mental processes as well as the main accompanying symptoms, as may be hyperactivity or impulsivity. In the best centers of Pediatric Neurology they have incorporated new technologies that use virtual reality and 3D glasses to evaluate these situations.
What are the causes of problems related to memory?
In most cases, the problem is inherited, ie, has a clear genetic basis. There are also other factors in pregnancy can contribute to these difficulties:
- - Prematurity
- - Low birth weight
- - Alcohol or snuff during pregnancy
How you can treat problems related to memory?
Depending on the characteristics of the difficulties encountered in testing, we can recommend the use of drug therapy or cognitive stimulation programs to enhance attention and memory. In most cases, the best results are achieved with the combination of both strategies.