3 points on pertussis

Written by: Dr. Juan García-Valdecasas Bernal
Published:
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Pertussis (or whooping cough) cough is an infectious disease that, unfortunately, the incidence has increased this year, causing deaths in newborns and infants. This disease is much like the common cold, as it is transmitted through coughing and sneezing.

Symptoms of pertussis

In an initial phase, the main symptoms are runny nose, cough and fever usually mild, lasting between one and two weeks, as many colds. However, past two weeks, is passed to a phase of rapid deterioration that causes rapid coughing, wheezing, vomiting and extreme fatigue.

In the case of babies, they do not usually have much coughing but may have apnea (breathing stops). Pertussis in this phase usually lasts eight weeks and resolves slowly diminishing cough.

 

Diagnosis of Pertussis

Because pertussis is a well-known disease is easy to diagnose. In the event that the patient has the symptoms outlined above, you should visit the specialist in otolaryngology to examine and take samples of nasopharyngeal fluid to analyze the bacteria responsible for these symptoms.

 

Treatment and prevention of pertussis

Pertussis is treated with antibiotics (indicated for infections caused by intracellular bacteria). The sooner treatment starts, the better results.

Regarding prevention, there DTaP, a vaccine against whooping cough, diphtheria and tetanus is mandatory and is in the childhood immunization schedule of all the Autonomous Communities. This vaccine is given in three doses (at two, four and six months), a booster dose between 15 and 18 months and another six years. It is also recommended dosing every 10 years to maintain immunity. Although the vaccine does not guarantee 100% protection yes that mitigates symptoms in case of infection.

In the case of infants, as they do not receive the first vaccine to two months, it is recommended that pregnant women be vaccinated when they are between seven and eight months of gestation. Thus, the baby will be protected and avoid severely ill.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Juan García-Valdecasas Bernal
Otolaringology

Dr. Garcia-Valdecasas Bernal received his doctorate in medicine with outstanding Cum Laude, specializing in Otolaryngology and Pathology Cervicofacial in Granada in 2007. He has worked as a teacher and lecturer of practices at the university level, and as a researcher at the Hospital Universitario San Cecilio de Granada. He completed his training abroad, particularly in Hannover MHH otologic surgery and laser surgery of the larynx in Paris. Also, the doctor is a member of the Spanish Association of Audiology (AEDA) since 2013. He has made multiple courses statewide.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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