Dr. Roberto Valdés Pons
Positions in public associations
• Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery at the University of Santiago de Compostela (1975 - 1985)• Resident of Otolaryngology at the Hospital 12 de Octubre in Madrid (1987-1990) • A statistics course for physicians (initiation) University of Vigo.• FA3 member group of new materials in the Department of Applied Physics of the University of Vigo (2013)• PhD student in the Department of Applied Physics of the University of Vigo ...
• Teaching in the Master of Biomaterials and biomedical technology. IBD, University of Vigo (2013 and 2014)
Publications and conferences
• "Complications of endoscopic surgery," SGORL XLIII meeting.• "Pilot research on the evaluation and detection of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma", Journal of Raman Spectroscopy. • "Primary laryngeal tuberculosis Caused by Mycobacterium bovis", Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hospital Doce de Octubre, Madrid. ...
• Member of the Spanish Society of Otorhinolaryngology and Cervical-Facial (SEORL).• Member of the Galician Society of Otorhinolaryngology and cervicofacial (SGORL). • Member of the European Academy of Otology and Neurotol (EAONO).• Laryngologycal member of the European Society (ELSOC). ...
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
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Deafness is hard of hearing or total inability to use this. If the loss is partial hearing loss is called if the total deafness.
Otology is the branch of medicine that deals with the study of the ear and its diseases.
Thyroid surgery includes removal of nodules or the partial or total removal of the thyroid gland. Thyroid surgery is performed in response to dif Thyroid surgery includes removal of nodules or the partial or total removal of the thyroid gland. Thyroid surgery is performed in response to different causes: biopsies when it comes to evaluating thyroid nodules; pressure by nodules or goiters in adjacent structures which complicate and cause discomfort in swallowing and breathing; for thyroid cancer; or the possibility that the gland or goiter nodule or become cancerous. In thyroid surgery complete removal of the gland in cases where benign nodules and goiters are becoming large or are causing discomfort while partial removal is done in the case of the presence of nodules or hyperactive unilateral recommended. For cases of papillary or follicular cancer total removal that could even lead to the lymph nodes in large tumors it is recommended. Also, for some cases, medical advances now allow this operation by laparoscopic surgery. ...
The Vertigo is a feeling of imbalance arising from the structures of balance located in the inner ear (vestibular system) or connections of the struct The Vertigo is a feeling of imbalance arising from the structures of balance located in the inner ear (vestibular system) or connections of the structures of balance in the brain. When a sudden movement or a rapid change of the position of the head occur, can result in such connections balance problems, but do not usually last long. Among the symptoms they produce vertigo, the most common is dizziness. Anyway, dizziness can also be caused by diseases or disorders such as arrhythmia, insufficient production of blood in the heart, or the decrease in blood volume causes an inadequate flow of blood to the heart muscle. ...
Under the concept of conduct disorder a set of behavioral changes and behavioral development appropriate to the child's age, persistently and with a disproportionate amount are included. Among the most common symptoms of these disorders are disobedience, impulsiveness, inattention, hostility, lies and insults, transgression of social norms, or antisocial character. Among the most common behavioral disorders in children are distinguished: the conduct disorder, a persistent and repeatedly aggressive behavior in which the child acts with hostility to others or their property, intimidating; and hyperkinetic disorders characterized by an early onset, in which predominates a considerable lack of attention in all activities, and a hyperactive, impulsive and undisciplined behavior. In addition, behavioral disorders associated with ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), learning problems and clinical disorders (depression, anxiety ...) are presented. ...
Encompasses all interventions from inside the nose, cisualizando or manipulating the structures through optical instruments. Its obejtivo treat injuries or abnormalities that alter the normal function of the nose, or its adjoining structures. ...
Hearing loss is a decrease in hearing reversible or permanently, depending on the case. It can also affect only one ear or both, in this case as a bilateral hearing loss. Besides, hearing loss may be partial or total: mild hearing loss in the patient loses some forty decibels capacity at best, while in the most serious cases decreased more than ninety decibels. Here, the hearing loss can be classified depending on the amount of hearing loss, the location of the lesion, its origin and if also affects speech. In the case of children, if the deficiency is not detected early can cause problems in language development. The causes of hearing loss can be many: congenital diseases, infections, hole in the eardrum, wax buildup, pressure changes, constant exposure to loud noise or trauma such as skull fractures or explosions. The person affected by this disorder may have the following symptoms: difficulty hearing a conversation or television, pressure or ringing in the ears, fatigue and dizziness. Hearing loss can be cured with medicine or surgery, depending on the case. In addition, you may also place the patient a device to improve their hearing. ...
Implants placed in the middle ear
The middle ear surgery is the surgical set to treat problems in the tympanic membrane, the ossicles articulated (hammer, anvil and stirrup) and the mastoid air cells (cavities of the temporal bone) interventions. There are two main groups of surgical procedures: Tympanoplasty and mastoidectomy. Tympanoplasty encompasses ossiculoplasty (repair of bones) and myringoplasty (closing holes in the eardrum). To perform this type of surgery, you enter the middle ear through a cut behind the ear or inside the ear canal and the relevant procedures are performed, depending on the injury presented by the patient. Intervention may include removing any infection or dead tissue in the eardrum to place a graft to repair a perforation in the tympanic membrane or put a prosthesis to replace a damaged bone. Tympanoplasty is indicated in cases of large perforations of the eardrum or middle ear infections, including chronic or acute otitis media, which can not be cured with antibiotics. The masteidoctomía is an operation to remove the air-filled cavities of the skull located behind the ear (temporal bone), performed to treat infections of the mastoid portion of the skull that complications of otitis media, abnormal bone growths, cholesteatoma ( cyst skin cells in the middle ear) or to place cochlear implants. ...
Oral cancer is a type of malignant tumor that can occur anywhere in the oral cavity. Among the different types there are, depending on your location, the most common are tongue cancer and cervical cancer, often caused by metastasis first has a strong tendency to invade nearby areas. Normally, it manifested by the presence of whitish lesions in the oral mucosa, an ulcer-like appearance. Therefore, given a mouth suspicious-looking wound that has not healed in a couple of weeks, you should consult your doctor to analyze injury Early detection is essential for the treatment of oral cancer, which require specialists combine surgery to remove the specific cancer therapy (radiotherapy, chemotherapy ...) and, in most patients, reconstructive surgery to restore the area affected its functionality and appearance. Finally, it notes that the causes most cases of oral cancer are the consumption of snuff and alcohol, excessive exposure to sunlight and inadequate oral hygiene, among others. ...
Otosclerosis is a disease that causes hearing loss affects the inner ear bone and is hereditary. Bone grows by preventing the remaining bones vibrate in response to sound waves, vibrations are needed to hear. ...
Infant Otolaryngology is the medical specialty that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of all the problems identified in the ear, nose, pharynx and larynx in children. Within this field, there are diseases which affect almost exclusively to children. The conditions that most often are usually treated in child otorhinolaryngology are hearing problems, ear infections, allergies, tonsillitis, adenoids, language problems, apnea, snoring, sinusitis, swallowing disorders and cysts or malformations in the head and neck. Prevent the development of any of these conditions is crucial for the child to grow correctly from a physical, intellectual and social. In addition, symptoms of different diseases can occur in children differently from adults. ...
The major salivary glands, which generate and empty saliva into the mouth, are three pairs: the submandibular gland, sublingual salivary glands and the parotid glands. Surgery of the parotid gland, also known as parotidectomy, is the operation that handles remove tumors that grow in the gland. It is estimated that over 70% of these tumors are benign (noncancerous) but we must consider any package that is detected. Depending on the type of tumor it is, its size and location, different variants of this intervention practiced. The most common are superficial parotidectomy or total parotidectomy, with conservation of the facial nerve, which also involves a lymph node dissection. The salivary glands may also have other diseases, the most common are: sialolithiasis, which is blockage of the salivary glands by the presence of calcium stones that do not allow the output of saliva and cause inflammation of the gland salivary affected; and sialadenitis, that is infection of the salivary glands, which can be an effect of sialolithiasis, or be caused by a virus or bacteria ...
Tearing or watery eyes is excessive tearing, which is generated when the duct that drains tears into the nose is clogged or malfunctioning. One of the most common causes of tearing is dry eyes. Dryness causes the eyes to produce too many tears and, therefore, excess tearing occurs. Irritation, infection or the growth of eyelashes into the eye may develop watery eyes. Although there are other common causes such as allergies to dust and mold that can cause conjunctivitis or tearing. ...
The throat and larynx cancer is a malignant tumor that affects the cells of the larynx where the vocal cords are located. The snuff and alcohol are the two main causes of the development of this disease. Depending on your location can be classified in supraglottic tumor ( above the glottis ), glottic and subglottic tumor tumor ( below the glottis ). Symptoms of throat cancer are often changes in voice, difficulty breathing and swallowing, hoarseness, cough, swelling and pain in the neck or neck expectoration. Early detection of disease is essential to increase the life expectancy of patients. The treatment is based on the extirpation of the tumor, while avoiding its extension to other parts of the body. Depending on the case, surgery may involve partial or total removal of the vocal cords, and sometimes you can choose one by treatment with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. ...
Pharynx cancer is a disease characterized by the presence of malignant tumor cells in the throat. This condition is classified as nasopharynx, when it affects the upper part of the throat behind the nose; oropharynx, when located in the middle part of the throat; and hypopharynx, when the cancer is at the bottom of the pharynx. The symptoms of pharyngeal tumors depends on their location and size, but all can cause a lump in the neck. The tumor develops in four stages, from small to large, starting without metastasis and tissue around the pharynx and lymph nodes then spread. Treatment also varies by type of cancer: if located in the nasopharynx, chemotherapy and radiotherapy sessions are recommended; for cancers of the oropharynx and hypopharynx, the patient will undergo an intervention if the tumor is small; Neck packages will be removed with surgery, which will be accompanied by chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and removal of the tumor may involve the removal of all or part of the vocal cords. ...
The thyroid is an endocrine gland that produces hormones. These control the rate at which the body burns calories or heartbeat. The thyroid gland may suffer various diseases: The thyroid is enlarged Hyperthyroidism: When the gland produces more thyroid hormone than necessary Hypothyroidism occurs when not enough hormone Thyroid cancer Thyroid nodules: lumps in the gland Thyroiditis: swelling of the gland ...
Tinnitus is annoying sounds that are perceived in the ears or in the head but not from any external source, usually are buzzing, ringing or bass or treble sounds that can be heard temporarily or chronic, which are accentuated when there absolute silence in the room. The tinnitus is not a disease but a symptom of other ear pathologies (such as hearing loss), so that the causes that can trigger are multiple and sometimes not come to know. This discomfort is not always associated with a hearing loss, but perceive noises in the ear is very uncomfortable and can cause serious disorders of sleep, daily discomfort, stress, anxiety or depression. Sometimes tinnitus trying resolves the problem that generates it, but in most cases has no solution with medication or with surgery, although you can get the patient to adapt to noise auditory retraining therapy. It is advised to avoid silence and sometimes a headset that generates a sound to disguise the person listening is placed. ...
The vestibular tests are those studies conducted to examine the functionality of the inner ear responsible for balance:vestibule and semicircular canals. The ear is responsible for maintaining the look and posture through a vestibulo-oculomotor reflexes called and vestibulo-spinal. The review specifically the vestibular system is based on the study of a reflex phenomenon called nystagmus. This is an eye movement divided into two phases of different speeds:one fast and one slow, caused by the connections that link the brain with the vestibular system and the nuclei of eye movements. The aim of vestibular testing is to verify proper function of the organs of equilibrium ears if the patient suffers fainting. During the realization of these tests different stimuli applied to the inner ear, in which the temperature, also called caloric test is the most widely used are used. Other detection systems are tested for spontaneous eye movements, positional tests, visuo-oculomotor testing or rotational tests. ...
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