Dr. Miguel Muñoz Colado
Audiometry is a test to assess hearing in each ear in order to determine whether a person hears well. The human ear can hear sounds with frequencies Audiometry is a test to assess hearing in each ear in order to determine whether a person hears well. The human ear can hear sounds with frequencies between 20 and 20,000 hertz. The test is divided into tonal and verbal audiometry. Audiometry in the air and bone conduction, in both cases involves the exploration of both ears separately, with the patient inside a soundproof booth and sealed evaluated. In the air audiometry, the individual should be placed headphones and then, the specialist plays a series of sounds high to low volume until they are inaudible. The last perceived sound determines the hearing threshold, that is to say, to what intensity is able to hear the patient at a given frequency. The inspection of bone conduction, a vibrator behind the patient's ear in the mastoid, through which receives the sound is placed. Speech audiometry is also performed with the patient in a booth and headphones, but instead of words emit sounds at different volume, which must be repeated exactly. The test takes about twenty minutes and the results are shown in a graph (audiogram). Comparison of the data obtained in the air and bone scans can know which part of the hearing aid causes hearing impairment (deafness) and what is the extent of the loss. ...
Deafness is hard of hearing or total inability to use this. If the loss is partial hearing loss is called if the total deafness.
The dysphonia is a disorder characterized by an alteration of the timbre of the voice, which can be due to various organic or functional causes of the The dysphonia is a disorder characterized by an alteration of the timbre of the voice, which can be due to various organic or functional causes of the larynx and vocal cords. When it occurs in children, can come from neurological disorders, malformations of the larynx, laryngeal papillomas caused by viral infections, or overly strain your voice. The latter is the most common cause that causes dysphonia in adults, and that untreated hyperfunction voice can produce other pathologies such as nodules or polyps on the vocal cords. In addition, other factors that can trigger dysphonia:grastroesofagico reflux, smoking, infections such as laryngitis or tuberculosis, neurological disorders or tumors of the larynx. Both children and adults, chronic afonia requires a medical exam to diagnose any disorder that lengthen more than two weeks, both to rule out any serious injury to prevent dysphonia become a chronic afonia and resulting in a total loss of voice. In dysphonia force generated by voice or by infections and viruses, rest and anti-inflammatory will be required, depending on the case, therapy with a speech therapist to teach the patient to use the voice well and rehabilitate. ...
Encompasses all interventions from inside the nose, cisualizando or manipulating the structures through optical instruments. Its obejtivo treat injuri Encompasses all interventions from inside the nose, cisualizando or manipulating the structures through optical instruments. Its obejtivo treat injuries or abnormalities that alter the normal function of the nose, or its adjoining structures. ...
Sleep apnea is the cessation of breathing that occurs moments after falling asleep and loud snoring preceded by at least 10 seconds. If this process is repeated 5 times per hour of sleep we will face the Obstructive sleep apnea. Obstruction of breathing leads to lower oxygen levels in the body that makes it difficult for the person to have a restful sleep and show signs of fatigue in the morning. Moreover, the persistence of this lack of oxygen could cause pulmonary hypertension and heart failure future right or myocarditis, making it convenient to catch it early and make appropriate tests for safe diagnosis. Therefore it is conducting a sleep study to establish a treatment that includes changing some habits (diet, alcohol withdrawal, postural changes ...) and prescribing a CPAP, a pressure generator as required nasal mask that keeps the airway obstruction, obliterating snoring and promoting restful sleep. In some cases surgery may be required if there are any lesions in the respiratory tract or when use of the mask is not effective. ...
Sleep disorders are a group of disorders that occur in preventing sleep stages enjoy a proper rest, continuous and restful. This type of disorder can have several causes, such as physical or psychological disease (hyperthyroidism, anxiety ...), and even cause other diseases or problems in daily life (fatigue, poor performance, daytime sleepiness ...). Therefore the medical diagnosis is necessary to determine their causes. Among the most common sleep disorders are distinguished: insomnia, which is the inability to fall or stay asleep properly according to the physical needs of each person; It is sleepwalking, which is a state in which the person stands up and acts in a semi-conscious during sleep, unaware of what you do not remember; night terrors, fear episodes of agitation that may be associated with sleepwalking; or nightmares, which are unpleasant and frightening dreams that cause a rude awakening in both children and adults. ...
Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea is characterized by temporary occlusion of the upper airway, at the level of the pharynx during rest hours disorders. The best known manifestation of this problem is snoring, but in severe cases can stop breathing (apnea) for more than ten seconds, so that episodes of sleep interruptions occur overnight. These episodes cause depletion of oxygen in the brain, which increases the risk of cardiovascular problems, diabetes or stroke. The affected person may also experience sleepiness, general fatigue or depression, and impaired concentration and see their professional and personal performance. The most common causes of snoring and apnea are obesity, a soft palate too big and hypothyroidism. The treatment can be based on: weight loss, change life changes, leave the snuff and alcohol; wear a nasal mask that delivers air pressure controlled by a mechanical device (CPAP); and surgery on the palate. ...
The throat and larynx cancer is a malignant tumor that affects the cells of the larynx where the vocal cords are located. The snuff and alcohol are the two main causes of the development of this disease. Depending on your location can be classified in supraglottic tumor ( above the glottis ), glottic and subglottic tumor tumor ( below the glottis ). Symptoms of throat cancer are often changes in voice, difficulty breathing and swallowing, hoarseness, cough, swelling and pain in the neck or neck expectoration. Early detection of disease is essential to increase the life expectancy of patients. The treatment is based on the extirpation of the tumor, while avoiding its extension to other parts of the body. Depending on the case, surgery may involve partial or total removal of the vocal cords, and sometimes you can choose one by treatment with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. ...
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