Dr. Miguel Ángel Zapata Victori
• More than 10 years of experience• Head of Department of the Institut Retina Oftalmològic Clinica Girona (2008-present) • medical director at the center OPTretina (2013-present)• Deputy of Ophthalmology at the Hospital Vall d'Hebron (2002-2006)• Deputy of Ophthalmology at the San Rafael Hospital (2006-2007) ...
• Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery from the Autonomous University of Barcelona• Specialist in Ophthalmology • Doctorate in Medicine and Surgery with honors doctorate (2007)• principal investigator for four projects, besides having collaborated in over 20 clinical trials and healthcare research projects ...
Publications and conferences
• He has made numerous communications in national and international conferences• Author of publications at national and international level
Recognition and awards
• Award for best communication at the Congress of the Spanish Society of Retina and Vitreous (2014)
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
Diabetes is a disease characterized by a significant increase in blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia ), whose symptoms are usually fatigue, emaciation Diabetes is a disease characterized by a significant increase in blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia ), whose symptoms are usually fatigue, emaciation produced in a short time, excessive thirst and urination extreme ( even at night ). This pathology is caused by an alteration of the action of insulin, either because it does not exist or because the patient's pancreas no longer make it. This last case is what causes diabetes mellitus or insulin-dependent (type I diabetes), which appears in childhood. In the case of people with diabetes type I, substitute this lack of insulin treatment to be followed for life, proper diet that allows greater control of blood glucose levels throughout the day and about good habits of physical exercise. In contrast, type II diabetes is a consequence of hypertension, high cholesterol, obesity, among other causes. Requires more control over diet that is done and sometimes treatment with oral antidiabetic (pills ). Besides, during gestation can also see the unbalanced blood glucose levels, which causes the called gestational diabetes. ...
Diabetic retinopathy involves an ocular disorder caused by diabetes, which is caused by damage to blood vessels of the retina. This defect often Diabetic retinopathy involves an ocular disorder caused by diabetes, which is caused by damage to blood vessels of the retina. This defect often causes leakage of fluid or blood in the eye, and if the disease progresses important visual disturbances such as blurred vision proliferation occur. The best way to prevent this disorder is to control diabetes (using insulin or other medications), a periodic eye exam (every one to two years), and exercising and maintaining a healthy diet to prevent the occurrence of the diabetes. When the disorder is in an advanced stage it should be treated by applying argon laser of existing lesions in order to prevent loss of vision. ...
The epiterretiniana membrane is an eye disease that involves the development of a fibrous membrane area and high vision sensitivity of the retina, th The epiterretiniana membrane is an eye disease that involves the development of a fibrous membrane area and high vision sensitivity of the retina, the macula. When this membrane shrinks and wrinkles produces a series of malfunctions in the retina with consequent alterations in sight. The most common symptoms are progressive visual loss (blurred vision) and distortion in reading images or text. This eye disease occurs in people over 50 years and appears unknown cause. In cases in which no symptoms are evident removal is not necessary (track through regular checks done alone), but in the most severe vitreoretinal surgery should be assessed. ...
Aging causes the eye in some people appear in your field of vision, small dots, circles, lines or cobwebs in motion. The appearance of these floating Aging causes the eye in some people appear in your field of vision, small dots, circles, lines or cobwebs in motion. The appearance of these floating bodies called floaters and are caused by the formation of tiny bits of gelatin in the vitreous humor, the liquid floating in it. This is a fairly common condition after cataract surgery and quite common in myopic patients. It also causes a very uncomfortable feeling, and in some cases it may be a symptom of a more serious eye condition, so it is absolutely advisable to visit a specialist early as symptoms occur. The ophthalmologist will indicate the most appropriate treatment depending on the patient and although there is no cure for this disease, if they can provide care for this kind of eyes. ...
Intravitreal injection is an injection of medication into the eyes. The vitreous humor is the fluid which is formed inside the eye. During the ophthalmologist intravitreal injected the drug into the vitreous humor, in the back of the eye, near the retina. The drug is recommended to treat certain eye and vision problems. Generally, it is a short appearance of between 15 and 30 minutes. First apply a few drops to dilate the pupils, the eyes and eyelids are cleaned, apply a few drops a device with analgesic and keep your eyes open. Later the medicine with a small needle is injected. The patient feels no pain but may feel a slight pressure. Intravitreal injection is usually done in cases with macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy or retinal vein occlusion. Although there are no risks after surgery, it is possible that the patient may feel pressure or roughness, but no pain. There may also be a small bleeding, will disappear, or seeing floaters, which will improve with time ...
The macula is the part of the eye responsible for providing a clear view. As we grow faculties it loses its function, causing macular degeneration, also known as AMD. This is a fairly common ailment after 60 years and can occur at various levels, resulting imperceptible in some cases. Conversely, it can also develop much more virulent causing total and progressive loss of sight. Although there is still no definitive treatment to repair the effects of macular degeneration, it is important to make an early diagnosis to slow its progression. Also, it has been found that consumption of antioxidant vitamins and zinc can contribute to this. ...
Macular edema is an eye disease that causes accumulation of fluid in the macula, the part of the eye responsible for providing a clear and sharp vision. It is a very sensitive and important area of the eye, when this fluid accumulation occurs vision is lost and distorted way objects are observed. It can also affect only certain parts of the eye or the whole macular area. It is a pathology associated with diabetic patients because it is a major visual impairment sufferers. Treatment is to seal fluid leaks in the macula, which can be done by laser surgery or therapy intraocular injections. Both techniques provide very good results. ...
Retinitis pigmentosa is considered a serious eye condition caused most common hereditary retinal degeneration. Progressive causes decreased vision due to the death of photoreceptors, eye retina cells. So it can end up causing blindness. Its first symptoms are lack of capacity to adapt to the dark nocturna- blindness and decreased visual field, causing tunnel vision. As the disease progresses, symptoms worsen, so it is important to know the development of the disease in close relatives to know how it will affect the patient. Although there is currently no specific treatment for this disease, consumption of vitamins, minerals and other ingredients may help slow its evolution. In addition, vision therapy is also advised, conducting exercises monitored by an ophthalmologist to improve the visual conditions of the patient. ...
Retinal detachment occurs when separating the outer membrane of the retina (called the retinal pigment epithelium) of the inner layer (sensory retina). This detachment can be caused due to various reasons such as strong myopia or degenerative atrophic processes. Both conditions may be responsible for these layers are separated and that the fluid between the retina and transferred both to accumulate on the bottom. Consequently, in the detached retina segment blindness it occurs. Two of the most crucial signs that may alert the patient that has suffered a detached retina are viewing flashing lights and floaters. Treatment for most patients is surgery. ...
Retinopathy is the common name of any non-inflammatory disease of the retina, the innermost layer of the eyeball responsible for receiving and sending images of the eye to the brain. That is why the term encompasses a range of conditions, the most common and known diabetic retinopathy, which occurs due to elevated blood glucose levels in these patients. The symptoms are not evident during the early stages of this type of retinopathy, which can lead to vision loss, so it is important that diabetics undergo regular eye examinations. Its main treatment is photocoagulation, laser surgery to repair abnormal blood vessels that have been created in the retina. Finally, in the case of blood that has entered into the vitreous humor, a vitrectomy is used, a type of surgery used only if the bleeding has been very generous. ...
The vitreous humor is located between the inner surface of the retina and the posterior surface of the lens. It is a formed by 99%, water clear, gelatinous liquid. The remaining 1% are proteins, hyaluronic acid, collagen, chloride, sodium, glucose and potassium. Its function is to protect the retina making its surface remains uniform, getting a correct view. Sometimes this becomes opaque gelatinous mass making viewing difficult. When this happens it is necessary to resort to surgery of the vitreous, also known as vitrectomy. This involves removing the vitreous damaged, replacing it with a saline solution. It is a resource used only when vision has decreased considerably and prevents follow a normal rhythm of life for the patient. Besides, this procedure can cause some complications, such as infection, intraocular bleeding and retinal detachment. ...
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