Dra. Laura Gisbert Gustemps
• Teaching in different degrees and masters of psychiatry and psychology.• Informative talks for parents and teaching professionals, psychiatrists and psychologists on mental disorders in childhood and adolescence.
• Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery. Autonomous University of Barcelona.• Specialist in Psychiatry.
Publications and conferences
• Several presentations at conferences and scientific meetings.• Authored two book chapters, and several publications of scientific journals in his field; highlights done in the Yearbook of International Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences (2009 ).
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
There is talk of anxiety disorder when the reaction alert a person to a situation or event promptly stressful is disproportionate, excessive and persi There is talk of anxiety disorder when the reaction alert a person to a situation or event promptly stressful is disproportionate, excessive and persistent intensity over time, or when the reaction is triggered in situations that are only perceived as threatening by the person suffering from this disorder. Treatment for anxiety is mainly based on psychotherapy but the duration depends on each patient. The most common anxiety disorders and their symptoms are: generalized anxiety disorder, a permanent state of chronic stress on the subject suffers from excessive worry and nervousness even without apparent cause;the phobic disorder that causes the person an irrational and persistent fear of an object, activity or specific situation, causing their avoidance (eg, fear of flying );anxiety attack, recurrent crises of fear without any direct cause spontaneously, causing extreme anxiety with symptoms like palpitations, feeling of choking, trembling&hellip ;; obsessive-compulsive disorder, which are irrational ideas and actions that the patient can not fail to have or do to avoid suffering anxiety (eg, washing hands frequently with extreme fear of catching something);disorder and post-traumatic stress reactions, acute or post-traumatic stress, characterized by persistent memories, an emotional state of exaggerated surveillance and general reduction of interest in daily activities. ...
Autism is a chronic neurological disorder that is usually diagnosed in the first years of life of children and primarily affecting development in the Autism is a chronic neurological disorder that is usually diagnosed in the first years of life of children and primarily affecting development in the area of social interaction and communication. In addition, often they have repetitive behaviors, both in his actions and speech, although depending on the case and severity some autistic fail to speak. The causes of this disease are not known, but the genetic factor plays an important role in its development. In addition, there is no cure for autism, although behavioral therapies and certain medications can help control symptoms. Asperger syndrome can be considered a mild form of autism, as well as difficulties in speech and social interaction, often characterized as people with this disorder have a clearly above-average skills in a particular area (for example, in the calculation) and a remarkable memory for some details. On the other hand, Rett syndrome is a disorder of the nervous system that is often confused with autism and that is a regression in development that mostly affects the handling of the hands and expressive language. ...
Under the concept of conduct disorder a set of behavioral changes and behavioral development appropriate to the child's age, persistently and wit Under the concept of conduct disorder a set of behavioral changes and behavioral development appropriate to the child's age, persistently and with a disproportionate amount are included. Among the most common symptoms of these disorders are disobedience, impulsiveness, inattention, hostility, lies and insults, transgression of social norms, or antisocial character. Among the most common behavioral disorders in children are distinguished: the conduct disorder, a persistent and repeatedly aggressive behavior in which the child acts with hostility to others or their property, intimidating; and hyperkinetic disorders characterized by an early onset, in which predominates a considerable lack of attention in all activities, and a hyperactive, impulsive and undisciplined behavior. In addition, behavioral disorders associated with ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), learning problems and clinical disorders (depression, anxiety ...) are presented. ...
The cross laterality is when about systems-visual-audio drive does not dominate one side of the body of the person. Laterality is showing preference The cross laterality is when about systems-visual-audio drive does not dominate one side of the body of the person. Laterality is showing preference for one of those two sides. Ideally dominance is only on one side. ...
Depression is a mood disorder characterized mainly by prolonged and severe feelings of sadness associated with other symptoms and abnormal thinking and behavior, such as over-pessimistic ideas, lack of energy, sleep disturbance and appetite, or decreased interest and activity level. To distinguish a depressive disorder every passing state of sadness, the diagnosis of a psychiatrist is needed. There are several types of depressive disorders, by cause: endogenous depression, triggered by genetic or biological factors (hormonal changes or neurotransmitters that transmit nerve impulses in the brain); reactive depression generated by poor adaptation to external circumstances and environmental factors of strong emotional impact; minor depression or dysthymia, which are presented only some less intense symptoms normally associated with personality disorders and prolonged stress; or depression "masked", manifested by organic and functional disorders (somatization) and cardiovascular disorders, dizziness ... The therapist indicates what is the best treatment for each person, but basically will focus on psychotherapy sessions. ...
Eating disorders are serious deviations from the behavior that manifest as eating patterns hazardous to health. The common causes and symptoms of this disease include excessive concern about having the desired shape, a distorted view of the body and low self-esteem. Disorders of the most common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia. Tables of anorexia, the person avoids eating, taking laxatives and diuretics, or even to follow slimming performed intense physical exercise, endangering his life. Instead, bulimia alternating periods when the person eats excessive amounts of food binge, followed by purging processes and self-induced vomiting to eliminate and compensate for overeating accompanied by a sense of guilt. In these cases, the emergency treatment of patients is very important, through a comprehensive plan that includes psychotherapy and continuous monitoring. In severe cases, the admission of patients to a specialized center for treatment is necessary. ...
Depressive disorders in childhood refers to the state of depression may suffer a child. The most common symptoms to discover if a child suffers from depression are, unlike adults symptoms (low mood and inability to be happy), discouragement, unmotivated fatigue, irritability, indecisiveness, negative feelings about yourself and feelings of inadequacy and failure. Childhood depression can be treated with both psychotherapeutic action, which should extend to the family environment of the child, or in severe cases with a psychotropic drug treatment with antidepressants (AD). Other recommended drugs, according to a ruling the expert, are the benzodiazepines, antipsychotics neuroleptics, carbamazepine, lithium salts or sympathomimetic. ...
Learning disorders in children encompass alterations of some of the basic cognitive processes that affect the way the brain processes information. Normally, manifest only as a deficit in very specific areas such as writing, reading or calculating. Children who suffer from this disorder, have a lower school performance although most of them have normal or above-average intelligence. The main specific developmental learning disorders usually affect perception, emotion, speech, writing and reading, attention, and motor coordination and activity. Therefore, it is important to diagnose the problem early in order to avoid further complications in the development of children and implement a pedagogic intervention based, through the coordination of physical, psychological or speech therapists, as the case therapy treatment. ...
Child psychiatry is a branch of medicine that deals with the study and treatment of mental disorders and behavior of children, from birth through adolescence. Generally, in the treatment of these disorders the administration of specific drugs for each specific pathology is combined with psychotherapy. Generally, the psychiatrist works with a professional expert in child psychology, which is a branch of psychology focused on the study of behavior and physical, motor, cognitive, perceptual, emotional and social development of children. Thus, therapies can be applied to solve childhood mental and behavioral disorders. ...
Psychology of adolescence is the specialty responsible for diagnosis, study and treatment of disorders and developmental problems and behavior of young people during puberty (between 14 and 18, approximately). At this time, the boys experience physiological and psychological changes that often cause reactions or behavioral changes considered normal within the common patterns of every teenager. But when changes in behavior and personality are severe and persist over time, can be a symptom of some kind of maladjustment to their own adolescence or more serious disorders transformations. Some of the specific most common psychological disorders are adolescence aggression, substance abuse can cause addiction or dangerous behavior, anorexia or other eating disorders, depressive processes, lack of self-esteem ... By Therefore, early treatment with psychotherapy prevents worsening problems and chronicity. ...
Psychopharmacology is a specialty or scientific discipline focused on the study of the effect of drugs on behavior and psychological and mental disorders. By psychopharmacological therapy, the specialist prescribes specific drugs (psychotropic drugs) to correct pathological behaviors and psychiatric disorders, establishing a proper treatment plan for each patient. In addition, periodic monitoring of patient status will be required to evaluate their clinical course and treatment effects. Patients should be aware that only the doctor can regulate prescription dose of each drug and the timing and method of timely discontinuation. Due to the nature of this type of drugs, your sudden stop could be dangerous for the patient's health. Currently, combination therapies such drugs with psychotherapy gives very good results in the treatment of the vast majority of pathologies and behavioral disorders. ...
Sleep disorders are a group of disorders that occur in preventing sleep stages enjoy a proper rest, continuous and restful. This type of disorder can have several causes, such as physical or psychological disease (hyperthyroidism, anxiety ...), and even cause other diseases or problems in daily life (fatigue, poor performance, daytime sleepiness ...). Therefore the medical diagnosis is necessary to determine their causes. Among the most common sleep disorders are distinguished: insomnia, which is the inability to fall or stay asleep properly according to the physical needs of each person; It is sleepwalking, which is a state in which the person stands up and acts in a semi-conscious during sleep, unaware of what you do not remember; night terrors, fear episodes of agitation that may be associated with sleepwalking; or nightmares, which are unpleasant and frightening dreams that cause a rude awakening in both children and adults. ...
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