Dr. Joaquín Díaz Domínguez
• More than 40 years of experience• Head of General and Digestive Surgery Hospital La Paz in Madrid (1977-present)
• Associate Health Sciences (General and Digestive Surgery) Professor at the Autonomous University of Madrid• Director of research and doctoral theses.
Publications and conferences
• He has written articles on national and international General Surgery, besides being the author of books, chapters and conference papers.
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
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Colectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing or total or partial resection of the large intestine (colon). Bowel resection is indicated i Colectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing or total or partial resection of the large intestine (colon). Bowel resection is indicated in cases of cancer, diverticulitis, bowel obstruction, ulcerative colitis, traumatic injury or polyps. The surgery is performed under general anesthesia and can be open or minimally invasive by laparoscopy. The operation involves making an incision in the abdomen and remove the diseased part of the colon. Then the surgeon stitches the two healthy ends of the intestine and closes the cut. If after removing the intestine can not continue their digestive function, it is possible that the specialist must take one end of the colon through the abdominal wall and attach to it. This technique is known as colostomy. In addition, the skin will be set at a drainage bag where feces are deposited, a device can be permanent or temporary. Full recovery from this surgery can be achieved after two months. ...
Breast cancer is the growth of cells or tissue in the breasts, which can be benign or malignant nature. Any suspicion of the presence of a tumor shoul Breast cancer is the growth of cells or tissue in the breasts, which can be benign or malignant nature. Any suspicion of the presence of a tumor should make the necessary medical tests to analyze their nature. If it is cancerous tumors, depending on its size and grade it will proceed to chemotherapy, radiation or surgery to remove it. However, benign breast tumors are growths that have no carcinogenic nature. The most common are fibroadenomas, appearing especially in women under 30 years. It is related to hormonal changes in women, and not always need to be removed, since most go away on their own within two years; you can opt for surgery of benign tumors of the breast in cases of rapid increase in its size, aesthetic deformity or discomfort. Other benign tumors of the breast can be fibrocystic breast disease, adenomas, lipomas, etc. ...
Breast cancer is a disease that occurs when cancer cells develop in the tissues of the breast. It can affect both women and men and has a very small i Breast cancer is a disease that occurs when cancer cells develop in the tissues of the breast. It can affect both women and men and has a very small impact. There are certain factors that can influence the development of this disease, the most important of which are family history, age and unhealthy life style. The most effective prevention is early detection, so doctors recommend that women do breast self-examination regularly. Periodicals from 50 years to detect possible tumors mammograms also have to be made. Treatment of breast cancer depends on the stage of extension, as well as the patient's health, but is commonly used hormone therapy, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, along with the breast cancer surgery to remove the tumor. ...
The operation of breast cancer treatment is surgery when the cancer is in its early stage. There are several types of surgery for breast cancer it dep The operation of breast cancer treatment is surgery when the cancer is in its early stage. There are several types of surgery for breast cancer it depends on the size, location and extent of tumor. Lumpectomy, if only the tumor is removed. Quadrantectomy if remove the quadrant where the tumor is located. Mastectomy, if the entire breast is removed. ...
Under the concept of conduct disorder a set of behavioral changes and behavioral development appropriate to the child's age, persistently and with a disproportionate amount are included. Among the most common symptoms of these disorders are disobedience, impulsiveness, inattention, hostility, lies and insults, transgression of social norms, or antisocial character. Among the most common behavioral disorders in children are distinguished: the conduct disorder, a persistent and repeatedly aggressive behavior in which the child acts with hostility to others or their property, intimidating; and hyperkinetic disorders characterized by an early onset, in which predominates a considerable lack of attention in all activities, and a hyperactive, impulsive and undisciplined behavior. In addition, behavioral disorders associated with ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), learning problems and clinical disorders (depression, anxiety ...) are presented. ...
Hyperparathyroidism is a disorder in which the parathyroid glands produce excess hormones. These glands are located next to the thyroid produces hormones that are responsible for controlling the levels of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D in bone. The production of too much parathyroid hormone (PTH) causes an increase in blood calcium levels, which can affect various organs and produce: primary hyperparathyroidism, which consists of a benign tumor in the parathyroid gland; secondary hyperparathyroidism, usually affecting patients with vitamin D deficiency or renal failure; or tertiary hyperparathyroidism with people suffered serious kidney failure requiring dialysis or performing in very advanced cases, kidney transplant or surgery. Treatment for hyperparathyroidism include exercise, fluid intake and vitamin D, as well as the removal of the gland (in some cases), the administration of medication. This treatment must be personalized, dpendiendo patient. ...
Hyperthyroidism is a metabolic disorder in which the thyroid gland hormones excreted excessively. The most common symptoms of hyperthyroidism are a global increased metabolism, increased heart rate, arrhythmias, insomnia, irritability, nervousness, heat intolerance, weight loss, tremors, tachycardia and, sometimes, a protrusion of the eyeballs. Moreover, hypothyroidism is decreased production of thyroid hormones that, depending on when it occurs, can affect to a greater or lesser extent to the development of vital organs. Idiopathic primary hypothyroidism occurs due to thyroid antibodies, or other cause autoimmune disorders (autoimmune hypothyroidism). Hypothyroidism symptoms of muscle fatigue, shortness of breath or pain in the thyroid area, hair loss, dry skin and rough and progressive deterioration of intellectual activity. Due to the difference between hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism drug treatment it will also be different and adapted to each patient. ...
Hypothyroidism is the decreased production of thyroid hormones that, depending on when it occurs, can affect to a greater or lesser extent to the development of vital organs. Suffers a very small percentage of the population and their causes can be congenital, environmental, removal of the thyroid gland or treatment with various drugs such as iodine or lithium. For hypothyroidism in children, caused by congenital causes, it is often done to babies clinic (heel prick) test. On the other hand, because during early pregnancy, expectant mothers require an unusual effort on your thyroid gland, one of the risks encountered is hypothyroidism during pregnancy, to be monitored especially for the successful development the fetus and the health of the mother. Idiopathic primary hypothyroidism occurs due to thyroid antibodies, or other cause autoimmune disorders (autoimmune hypothyroidism). Usually have symptoms of muscle fatigue, shortness of breath or pain in the thyroid area, hair loss, dry skin and rough and progressive deterioration of intellectual activity. ...
Laparoscopy is a surgical technique inspection of the abdominal cavity that does not require large incisions. During the laparoscopic surgical procedure, the abdomen is introduced into a laparoscope, which is a tube containing an optical system coupled to a light source. The camera allows the doctor to inspect, from a monitor, the pelvic organs and, if necessary, introduce other instruments through the same laparoscope to correct any problems. The benefits of laparoscopic surgery are numerous, so it is applied in various fields. In urology shorter hospital stay and recovery is required, there is less chance of infectious complications, decreases postoperative pain and no visible scarring. In gynecology it is used for inspection of certain diseases or gynecological processes: cysts, fibroids, hysterectomy, pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, etc. Moreover, laparoscopy is used in other medical specialties and processes such as prostate cancer, the varicele or some kidney diseases. ...
A mammogram is an X-ray of the breasts. It is used primarily to find mammary tumors. To carry out this test, the person must be naked from the waist up. Breast on a flat Surface, which is where the plate rays X. After the comprehensor, a device pressed firmly against the breast to help flatten out the breast tissue is placed. Mammography is done from various angles. ...
The parathyroid glands are endocrine glands in the neck, the size of a pea. Most people have 4 parathyroid glands on the thyroid gland; however, some people have up to 5 or more. The function of the parathyroid gland is totally different from the thyroid. Produce parathyroid hormone (PTH), which helps the body maintain the balance between calcium and phosphorus. Disorders occur when the parathyroid gland produces excessive amounts of hormone or scarce, upsetting the balance. If there is too much PTH hyperparathyroidism occurs, increasing the level of calcium in blood. But if not produce enough PTH, the imbalance is called hypoparathyroidism, taking blood too little calcium and excessive phosphorus. ...
The major salivary glands, which generate and empty saliva into the mouth, are three pairs: the submandibular gland, sublingual salivary glands and the parotid glands. Surgery of the parotid gland, also known as parotidectomy, is the operation that handles remove tumors that grow in the gland. It is estimated that over 70% of these tumors are benign (noncancerous) but we must consider any package that is detected. Depending on the type of tumor it is, its size and location, different variants of this intervention practiced. The most common are superficial parotidectomy or total parotidectomy, with conservation of the facial nerve, which also involves a lymph node dissection. The salivary glands may also have other diseases, the most common are: sialolithiasis, which is blockage of the salivary glands by the presence of calcium stones that do not allow the output of saliva and cause inflammation of the gland salivary affected; and sialadenitis, that is infection of the salivary glands, which can be an effect of sialolithiasis, or be caused by a virus or bacteria. ...
The thyroid is an endocrine gland that produces hormones. These control the rate at which the body burns calories or heartbeat. The thyroid gland may suffer various diseases: The thyroid is enlarged Hyperthyroidism: When the gland produces more thyroid hormone than necessary Hypothyroidism occurs when not enough hormone Thyroid cancer Thyroid nodules: lumps in the gland Thyroiditis: swelling of the gland ...
Thyroid cancer is the abnormal growth of cells of the thyroid gland to produce a tumor. Through a medical test can diagnose whether the gland has increased in size, and if there is a cancerous nodule or more. For the identification of cancer varied tests by puncture biopsy of thyroid nodules or ultrasound are usually carried as blood tests. Treatment depends on the extent of the tumor in each patient. In most cases you opt for surgical removal of nodules, but other treatments include the application of high-dose thyroid hormones or surgical removal of the nodules. In thyroid cancer symptoms can be mainly swelling or tumor in the neck, hoarseness and coughing, voice changes, difficulty swallowing, and so on. ...
Thyroid surgery includes removal of nodules or the partial or total removal of the thyroid gland. Thyroid surgery is performed in response to different causes: biopsies when it comes to evaluating thyroid nodules; pressure by nodules or goiters in adjacent structures which complicate and cause discomfort in swallowing and breathing; for thyroid cancer; or the possibility that the gland or goiter nodule or become cancerous. In thyroid surgery complete removal of the gland in cases where benign nodules and goiters are becoming large or are causing discomfort while partial removal is done in the case of the presence of nodules or hyperactive unilateral recommended. For cases of papillary or follicular cancer total removal that could even lead to the lymph nodes in large tumors it is recommended. Also, for some cases, medical advances now allow this operation by laparoscopic surgery. ...
The thyroid nodule is a growth of abnormal cells in the thyroid gland, which are usually identified by lumps in the neck area. These thyroid nodules are benign in most cases (9 of 10), but sometimes may be carcinogenic. If the nodule becomes filled with fluid or blood, it is known as thyroid cyst. These nodules, which in most cases does not usually give any symptoms, can produce discomfort in swallowing, breathing or cause hoarseness. In addition, they may be accompanied by hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, and are produced by a production of unnecessary hormones for the body, a deficiency of iodine in the diet or genetic factors. Treatment will depend on whether the thyroid nodules are benign or cancerous. In the latter case, the different treatments ranging from the application of high-dose thyroid hormones or surgical removal of nodules. ...
Thyroid surgery includes removal of nodules or the partial or total removal of the thyroid gland. Thyroid surgery is performed in response to different causes: biopsies when it comes to evaluating thyroid nodules; pressure by nodules or goiters in adjacent structures which complicate and cause discomfort in swallowing and breathing; for thyroid cancer; or the possibility that the gland or goiter nodule or become cancerous. In thyroid surgery complete removal of the gland in cases where benign nodules and goiters are becoming large or are causing discomfort while partial removal is done in the case of the presence of nodules or hyperactive unilateral recommended. For cases of papillary or follicular cancer total removal that could even lead to the lymph nodes in large tumors it is recommended. ...
Thyroiditis is inflammation of the thyroid, which can cause malfunction of the gland resulting in hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. It is usually associated with other disorders caused by a weak immune system. There are different types of thyroiditis as the cause that causes: chronic thyroiditis or acute thyroiditis. Hashimoto's thyroiditis, known as chronic thyroiditis, is an autoimmune origin and can cause hypothyroidism, with symptoms such as pain in the thyroid and difficulty swallowing. They also tend to suffer it middle-aged women and may be hereditary. Moreover, acute thyroiditis is produced by bacteria and causes abscess thyroid area. ...
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