Dra. Begoña Ortiz de Zárate
• More than 30 years of experience• Head of Unit in Innova Ocular Ocular Surface IOA Madrid (2000)
• Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery from the Complutense University of Madrid (1984)• Specialist in Ophthalmology by the Professional School of Ophthalmology, Complutense University of Madrid (1989) • Specialist in Ophthalmology awarded by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport of Spain (2002) ...
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
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Dry eye syndrome occurs when there is a shortage or lack of tear to the eye. This is one of the most common diseases in ophthalmology and is caused b Dry eye syndrome occurs when there is a shortage or lack of tear to the eye. This is one of the most common diseases in ophthalmology and is caused by an alteration in the tear film, causing discomfort and itching, eye dryness, grittiness and difficulty opening the eyes in the morning. Also, depending on the degree of drying, this condition is classified into light, medium and severe. In some cases it is a consequence of other diseases, so that their treatment will be closely linked to repairing the initial ailment. If this is an isolated pathology, the most common is to proceed to the replacement of these tears, the body does not produce by itself, provide artificial tears to the eyes the basic information it needs to function properly. They are applied in drops as a salve. ...
Exophthalmos or bulging eyes is the projection of the eyeball outward, may be one or both eyes. Usually associated with hyperthyroidism and can become Exophthalmos or bulging eyes is the projection of the eyeball outward, may be one or both eyes. Usually associated with hyperthyroidism and can become very serious if you get to compress the optic nerve. ...
Child ophthalmology is the part of medicine that deals with the eye and its diseases in children, from birth through adolescence. Since some of the ey Child ophthalmology is the part of medicine that deals with the eye and its diseases in children, from birth through adolescence. Since some of the eye diseases begin to show symptoms during this stage it is very important to consider the children's ophthalmology as part of health care smaller house. Among the most common conditions, it highlights the lazy eye, strabismus, child obstruction and malformations. Also, if any of the family of the patient has congenital diseases of view, it is much more necessary to make an early follow-up to not end up with worse consequences. ...
The second opinion is the medical report containing the diagnostic or therapeutic proposal from the illness of a patient by a different professional w The second opinion is the medical report containing the diagnostic or therapeutic proposal from the illness of a patient by a different professional who established the first diagnosis. Patients may request a second medical opinion are those who want to confirm or know the valuation of another specialist. If the second opinion is different and the patient chooses the latter option, you can receive assistance both in the center normally attending the patient, as in the center where the final diagnosis is made. ...
Uveitis is inflammation of the uvea, the middle layer of the eye formed by the choroid, ciliary leather, and iris, which surrounds the interior of the eyeball. This is the tissue more blood vessels throughout the body, so it is a very sensitive and prone to infectious and inflammatory processes area. Also, the inflammation causes severe vision loss, so it is very important to treat as soon as possible. Among its causes include infectious, autoimmune, bone and rheumatic diseases, and trauma. Symptoms of uveitis vary depending on the part of the uvea that is affected, if it comes back, vision loss occurs, whereas if it affects the previous, often cause blurred vision, eye pain, redness eyes and photophobia. Similarly, treatment depends on the location: in the case of anterior uveitis inflammatory eye drops are used; to the rear, it is best cortisone orally and through injections around the eye. Immunomodulatory drugs are administered when the disease is associated with a chronic process. Finally, it will only resort to surgery if associated complications such as glaucoma or cataracts occur. ...
Under the concept of conduct disorder a set of behavioral changes and behavioral development appropriate to the child's age, persistently and with a disproportionate amount are included. Among the most common symptoms of these disorders are disobedience, impulsiveness, inattention, hostility, lies and insults, transgression of social norms, or antisocial character. Among the most common behavioral disorders in children are distinguished: the conduct disorder, a persistent and repeatedly aggressive behavior in which the child acts with hostility to others or their property, intimidating; and hyperkinetic disorders characterized by an early onset, in which predominates a considerable lack of attention in all activities, and a hyperactive, impulsive and undisciplined behavior. In addition, behavioral disorders associated with ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), learning problems and clinical disorders (depression, anxiety ...) are presented. ...
It is a vision loss that is not improved using conventional lenses or surgery. Vision loss can cause problems for everyday tasks, and often requires psychological support to prevent the patient from entering depression. ...
Myopia, also known as nearsightedness and hipometropía, is an ocular abnormality resulting focus vision on distant objects because of a dysfunction in the retina. Thus, although the view is normal at close range, as you look away, they are gradually blurring the images. There are many degrees of myopia, high myopia being which exceeds the 6.5 diopters. The most commonly used for correcting this ailment resources are glasses and contact lenses, but increasingly patients are operated by laser surgery, the application of which depends on the characteristics of each eye there. This intervention consists of modifying the surface of the cornea correcting the diopter affected. Finally, in the most severe myopia, the placement of intraocular lenses, which function is the same as the outer lenses but located within the eye and permanently is possible. ...
Strabismus is a deviation of line of sight of the two eyes, which implies that they are not located in the same direction with respect to the visual axis are not parallel. Thus, while one eye looks towards a particular object, the other goes in another direction. This is a visual and aesthetic problem. Being a deviation occurs at an early age is crucial that action be taken as quickly as possible, to avoid resulting in other ailments. To treat this disorder there are multiple techniques like alternating shutter each eye patch, use of special glasses, toxin injection to temporarily paralyze muscles or surgery. This is recommended only in extreme cases and is to avoid eye strain by strengthening or weakening, as appropriate, of certain eye muscles. ...
The thyroid is an endocrine gland that produces hormones. These control the rate at which the body burns calories or heartbeat. The thyroid gland may suffer various diseases: The thyroid is enlarged Hyperthyroidism: When the gland produces more thyroid hormone than necessary Hypothyroidism occurs when not enough hormone Thyroid cancer Thyroid nodules: lumps in the gland Thyroiditis: swelling of the gland ...
Vision problems encompass a host of pathologies. The most common are refractive comprising: the nearsightedness or myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and presbyopia. Its causes may be genetically different, due to aging or other diseases such as macular degeneration caused by diabetes. ...
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