Dr. Alberto Castro Cels
• More than 35 years of experience• Head of Cardiac Surgery of the Hospital Universitari Sagrat Cor • Currently works as a cardiologist at the Holy Family Hospital• Actual Cardiac Surgeon at the Hospital de Barcelona• Responsible Service of Cardiology of Caixa d\' Energia i Previsió and Integral Centre Medic Olesa de Montserrat• Responsible Owner and medical center Cardiomedix BCN• He has worked as a cardiac surgeon at the Hospital Chiron Dexeus, Creu Roja and the General Hospital of Catalunya ...
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
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Aorta surgery is surgery that removes aortic aneurysm, a widening out of the ordinary portion of an artery. Aortic aneurysm is in the higher part of t Aorta surgery is surgery that removes aortic aneurysm, a widening out of the ordinary portion of an artery. Aortic aneurysm is in the higher part of the artery, which passes through the thorax. If surgery is performed when it is necessary there is a risk that the aneurysm will rupture, and that is why it is essential that early diagnosis to spare these risks. ...
The atrial fibrillation surgery aims to restore sinus rhythm (normal heart rhythm) in patients presenting some cardiac pathology. The technique used The atrial fibrillation surgery aims to restore sinus rhythm (normal heart rhythm) in patients presenting some cardiac pathology. The technique used to carry out this operation is highly complex and is based on the performance of various lines of scars at the level of the atria, to create a unique path for transmission of the electrical impulse from the sinus node to the atrioventricular node. The ultimate goal is to prevent those improper electrical stimuli that cause atrial fibrillation are transmitted. Currently, among the techniques used in this type of surgery the use of ultrasound, radiofrequency and cryotherapy is contemplated; action creates pathways for the transmission of electrical impulses, just as scars induced in traditional surgery. ...
Congenital heart defects are abnormalities of the heart or great vessels that occur in utero. The best known and most common are: atrial communic Congenital heart defects are abnormalities of the heart or great vessels that occur in utero. The best known and most common are: atrial communication, interventricular communication, and Ebstein anomaly Tetralogy of Fallot. Medical advances have allowed the treatment of these diseases and that more and more people with such anomalies comes with a good quality of life to adulthood. However, these heart disease require special attention and regular monitoring because they can be associated with other health problems. Currently, for the diagnosis and control of such diseases, there is a variety of techniques, such as echocardiography, cardiac catheterization or CT multidetector, an additional test suitable for the discovered congenital heart disease in adults or surgically corrected the childhood. ...
Restorative cardiac valve replacement surgery is a surgical technique that replaces a valve of the heart on the other, which can be artificial. It is Restorative cardiac valve replacement surgery is a surgical technique that replaces a valve of the heart on the other, which can be artificial. It is used to treat congenital or valvular heart diseases are infectious in which the valve can present problems not open well (stenosis ) or not close properly (valvular insufficiency). The heart consists of two ventricles two atria and four valves whose mission is to control the direction of blood flow, in addition to allow oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart gets going from the atria to the ventricles, and there the bloodstream. Valvular surgery is performed under general anesthesia and requires the use of a machine for extracorporeal circulation. During the first attempt to repair the valve but occasionally cases must be replaced with one that can be biological or artificial. The former tends to give less rejection problems but their average duration is less than the artificial. ...
A pacemaker is a small electronic device that is inserted subcutaneously within the body whose function is to maintain the proper heart rate when a problem is detected in the electrical system of the heart. It comprises a generator to send electrical signals when necessary, so corrects the electrical signal sending heart when required. Several types of pacemaker function arrhythmias by a patient, and placing a simple and involves little risk of surgical technique. It involves making an incision in the skin below the collarbone to create a small space as a pocket, which the cable is inserted pacemaker and leads up into a vein in the upper chest. Since that area is guided to the heart chambers and the pacemaker generator is connected to the cable. Finally, in order to regulate the heart rate most suitable for each patient, the pacemaker controls are programmed. ...
Aneurysms are dilatations of the arteries due to a fault in the vessel wall which triggers an increase in diameter and carries the risk of rupture and massive internal bleeding. Most cerebral aneurysms are congenital, but can also be traumatic, tumor cause, arteriosclerosis, by common infectious cause or drug consumption. Depending on the shape of the aneurysm are divided into secular, fusiform, and use as side; They may also be classified by size. All aneurysms may be complicated by rupture of the vessel and cause bleeding in the brain, causing a stroke acidente, which can cause irreversible nerve damage. Aneurysms are asymptomatic, symptoms only when they break, causing intense headaches, nausea, vomiting, stiff neck, seizures or sudden loss of consciousness. For diagnosis, several tests such as angiography or CT are used, and the treatment depends on the size of the aneurysm and associated risk factors. There are several alternatives for both conservative and surgical treatment, which must evaluate a neurosurgeon. ...
Arrhythmia is an abnormal heart rhythm. The rhythmic succession of heartbeat in an adult at rest is between 60 and 100 beats per minute, so that when these are increased significantly beats talking about sinus tachycardia, whereas if failing heartbeat is slow it down, is is sinus bradycardia. In tachycardia, the heart experiences a substantial acceleration fruit of a tremendous physical effort or in response to organizational needs. When no alteration occurs in the number of beats in frequency but these appear in discussing cardiac arrhythmia. In atrial fibrillation, the beats have increased and unbalanced; On the contrary, where there will be a lock deficit beats can result in clinically palpitations or blackouts. ...
Congenital malformations are defects in the baby's body that develop during pregnancy. Thanks to advances in medicine birth defects occur very rarely, only 15 of every 1,000 newborns in Spain. Most of these malformations are of unknown origin but may be caused by genetic abnormalities, drug consumption, maternal age, diseases that the mother has during pregnancy and even food that keeps during pregnancy. ...
Coronary artery bypass surgery or coronary artery bypass graft surgery is the treatment of coronary artery blockages aimed at creating a step to allow the arrival of oxygen and blood to the heart. To restore circulation connects a blood vessel or from the graft and aorta joins area around the blocked coronary artery. In many cases, surgeons may choose to create such graft arteries or veins from elsewhere in the body, usually the leg or arm. Furthermore, in coronary surgery can be used or not extracorporeal circulation. In the first case, cardiac arrest is caused while a machine does the work of the heart to maintain circulation and oxygenation of the patient. But you can also perform the same operation without cardiopulmonary bypass when there is the potential for the patient. ...
Angina is a medical pathology manifested clinically by intense thoracic pain, because of insufficient blood flow that supplies the heart through the coronary arteries usually appears abruptly and lasts a short time. Also characteristic is the feeling of constriction in chest level, often radiating to the left arm or jaw. Also, the anginal attack can cause symptoms to generalized level, as paleness, cold sweats, anxiety and strong sense of immediate death, but usually lasts a couple of minutes. Always it is a medical emergency and the medical performance in the first time is critical. Myocardial infarction would be the ultimate expression of angina. ...
Myocardial infarction occurs when a coronary artery is blocked, dying a portion of the heart muscle. The clogged artery, blood supply to the heart is suppressed. If prolonged, the tissue dies and does not regenerate....
Hypertension is the increase in blood pressure either transiently, intermittent or permanent, always above a level considered normal values ranging from 160 / 95mmH, according to the World Health Organization. Clinically, it can not give symptoms or, conversely, manifested in the form of severe headaches, congestion face ... Aparate, high blood pressure (hypertension) is associated with high morbidity and mortality rate is one of the problems most important public health in developed countries. Hypertension is treated with general measures such as a balanced, low-fat diet and drug therapy. This will prevent in many cases the complications that can result from poorly controlled hypertension, a heart, eyes and kidneys. ...
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a disease caused by the inability of relaxation of the heart, altering pumping blood into the bloodstream. The cause of this disease is hypertrophy (enlargement) of the walls of the ventricles. In general, patients show dyspnea (breathlessness) in response to heart failure but in many cases may be asymptomatic, and is considered one of the most common causes of sudden death in young people. Among other complications of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy include arrhythmias, angina pectoris or myocardial infarction. Your treatment is based on the use of drugs that enhance arrhythmias and heart contractility although the use of the ICD (defibrillator autoimplantable) in cases where the risk of sudden death is important may also be necessary. In addition, cardiomyopathy is an inherited disease, so it is highly advisable to visit a cardiologist when there is a family history of this disease. ...
Stroke means the sudden cessation of cerebral circulation after injury of cerebral vessels, which starts unexpectedly and can develop within minutes in major neurological syndromes. Three basic ways of mechanisms of action are known: haemorrhagic (atherosclerosis and hypertension are usually most frequent causes them); cerebral thrombosis, arteriosclerosis again being the most common cause; and, thirdly, strokes. Clinically, depending on the location of the lesion some specific neurological signs, which may be in the form of motor, sensory impairment, and, in severe cases, coma and death will manifest. In the overall treatment of stroke it is essential to control risk factors such as hypertension, heart disease, snuff, diabetes mellitus ... ...
Ischemic heart disease is a disease caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries, atherosclerosis. Al narrowed arteries less oxygen reaches the heart and seriously affects your balance. Can produce a mild angina pectoris or acute myocardial infarction. ...
Minimally invasive cardiac surgery is to reach the heart from small incisions are made intercostal level. The advantages of this type of surgery are, among others: the posterior scar is smaller, there is less risk of infection and less blood loss during surgery, and the hospital stay is shorter and recovery time. There are several surgical procedures that can use this minimally invasive heart, including the repair or replacement of heart valves; inserting pacemakers connections; the minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB), which is to perform a coronary bypass through a small incision below the ribs ... ...
Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle. It is a rare disease and can be caused by several factors: infections, allergic reactions, diseases with an immunological basis, etc. In some patients, there are no symptoms, but in most the disease is manifested by chest pain, fatigue, fever, joint pain, or shortness of breath, among other symptoms. For diagnosis, it is necessary to perform a series of tests (general analytic, an ultrasound of the heart and an electrocardiogram), and treatment aims to eradicate what caused the inflammation of the heart muscle by prescribing antibiotics or anti-inflammatory and recommendation salt diet or decreased physical activity. In many cases, recovery with proper treatment may involve the complete cure of the patient, preventing further complications such as heart failure. ...
Pericarditis is inflammation of the serous membrane, ie, the outer coat that surrounds the heart sac. It may be due to an infectious origin, or appear without apparent cause or after a general infection like pneumonia, tuberculosis ... All symptoms are cardiocirculatory from dyspnea heart failure, through oppression or symptoms of decompensation; and clinically manifested with choking and intense stabbing chest pain level. In many cases, it is generally a benign condition that refers to own treatment of the symptoms presented by the patient, but in exceptional cases, surgical treatment may be necessary. Pericarditis can give a very similar clinical cardiomyopathy but it is important to differentiate since the treatment is completely different. ...
The catheter is a tube inserted into a patient's body cavity and used in subministración of drugs or fluids or foods for ejecting body, fluids such as urine. A catheter ranking is based are based on whether external or subcutaneous, below the skin. Among them, there are vascular access devices or intravenous catheters, urinary drainage catheters and chest tubes. The application of a catheter externally is the implementation of one of the ends in a large vein located near the heart, superior vena cava. Moreover, by subcutaneous way catheters are inserted under the skin completely, also standing on a large vein. ...
The valve disease is a typical disease of the heart valves. The valves can be damaged for various reasons, for example infections or aging.
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