Dr. Óscar Biurrun Unzué
• More than 25 years of experience• Otolaryngology Physicians resident in the Hospital Clinico of Barcelona (1988-1991) • Collaboration: Rhinology Unit of the Hospital of San Pablo de Barcelona (1991 )• Senior Scientific Medical Unit Studies Sueno del Hospital Clinico of Barcelona (1989-1997)• Scientific Collaboration: Sleep Disorders Clinic. Stanford University Medical Center. California. USA (1994)• Scientific Collaboration Unit Syndrome Surgical Treatment of sleep apnea. Facial Reconstructive Surgery. Palo Alto. Stanford University. California. USA (1994)• Scientific Collaboration: Mutual of hearing impaired Argentina, in the area of General and Pediatric Audiology and prosthetic correction of disorders Audition• Deputy Medical Unit at the General Hospital ENT VIC. Call blocked published in July 1992 to 1999 (step by unpaid leave )• Interim Physicians ENT specialist in the CAP Valleys ( Granollers), from April 1992 to staff waiver of that post in November 1997• Director of the ENT Clinic Tres Torres (from 1997-2009. Way to private sector )• Director of Sleep Study Unit of Clinica Tres Torres (from 1997-2009. Way to private sector )• Unit Director of Phoniatrics, Speech Therapy and Audiology Clinica Tres Torres (from 1997-2009. Way to private sector ) ...
• Diagnosis and comprehensive treatment of disorders and problems in the Voice, Speech and Language• Integrative Medicine ( Conventional&Natural Medicine:Acupuncture, Homeopathy, Phytotherapy and Nutrition Medica ). • Integrative Diagnosis and Treatment of Hearing problems• Hearing Rehabilitation. Psycho-phono-audiology:Tecnica Tomatis.• Diagnosis, Treatment and Rehabilitation Integrative Alterations of Balance• Sleep disorders:polysomnography ( sleep studies ), Apnea, Snoring, Integrative Approach of Insomnia. ...
• Professor, Graduate Program in Therapeutic Myofunctional ( Higher Institute of Psychological Studies University Politecnica de Cataluna - )• Professor of Practice in Speech Therapy Master of the Universidad Politecnica de Cataluna and the Higher Institute of Psychological Studies. Clinica Tres Torres • Tutor institutional practices of Logopedics and Phoniatrics Vic General Hospital from 1992 to 1999 ...
Publications and conferences
• 6 posts in international English-language journals• 2 chapters treaty • 1 Editorial as an expert guest• 17 publications in national journals• 19 papers at international conferences• 49 communications at national conferences• 35 appearances as a guest lecturer ...
Recognition and awards
• Bertran 1998 Cesar Award Spanish Society of Otolaryngology at the best Spanish publication occurred in 1997 for my work entitled Study palatopharyngeal surgery effective in the treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome during Sueno. • FISss Scholarship 1991 • Separ Scholarship 1991• FISss Scholarship 1992• Scholarship Postespecialidad Hospital Clinico of Barcelona of 1992• A Patent Invention: Portable and Adaptable cephalometric device to practice cephalometric supine and standing positions Patent Number 9,200,918. ...
• Member of multidisciplinary committee of experts to the making of the Regulations of the Spanish Society of Pneumology and Respiratory Pathology ( separ ) on Diagnosis and Treatment of Sleep Apnea Syndrome during the Dream: Regulations on diagnosis and treatment of sleep apnea syndrome obstructive sleep ( OSAS). Recommendations separ. Barcelona 14 Vol. Doyma, 1993• Member of multidisciplinary committee of experts to the making of the Official Paper of the Spanish Society of Otolaryngology and Cervico -Facial Pathology: Chronic snoring Syndrome Obstructive Sleep Apnea. . Madrid: Editorial Garsi, 1998 • Member of the Commission of Health of the College of Speech Therapists in Cataluna ( since 2000 until mid- 2003)• Member of the College of Speech Therapists Joint Commission of Catalonia Catalan Health Service ( since its inception, the year 2000 to mid-2003 )• Member of the Spanish Society of Otolaryngology and Cervico - Facial Pathology• Member of the Spanish Society of Pneumology and Respiratory Pathology ( separ )• Member of the Commission on Quality Care Hospital General de Vic ...
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
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Dyslexia is a disorder characterized by readability a number of distortions and difficulties in reading, which are related to language processing mod Dyslexia is a disorder characterized by readability a number of distortions and difficulties in reading, which are related to language processing mode. The most common symptoms are substitutions, omissions or mixture of whole words or parts of words while reading, and the slowness and difficulty in recognizing and understanding words and texts. In contrast, children with dyslexia can correctly understand stories or oral speeches with the same content, and in most cases their level of intelligence is well within the normal range for their age. Symptoms of this disorder usually occur when children are in the first years of primary education and early detection is very important for early diagnosis and treatment. Moreover, in many cases dyslexia occurs associated disorder attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or conduct disorder, among others. ...
The dysphonia is a disorder characterized by an alteration of the timbre of the voice, which can be due to various organic or functional causes of the The dysphonia is a disorder characterized by an alteration of the timbre of the voice, which can be due to various organic or functional causes of the larynx and vocal cords. When it occurs in children, can come from neurological disorders, malformations of the larynx, laryngeal papillomas caused by viral infections, or overly strain your voice. The latter is the most common cause that causes dysphonia in adults, and that untreated hyperfunction voice can produce other pathologies such as nodules or polyps on the vocal cords. In addition, other factors that can trigger dysphonia:grastroesofagico reflux, smoking, infections such as laryngitis or tuberculosis, neurological disorders or tumors of the larynx. Both children and adults, chronic afonia requires a medical exam to diagnose any disorder that lengthen more than two weeks, both to rule out any serious injury to prevent dysphonia become a chronic afonia and resulting in a total loss of voice. In dysphonia force generated by voice or by infections and viruses, rest and anti-inflammatory will be required, depending on the case, therapy with a speech therapist to teach the patient to use the voice well and rehabilitate. ...
There is talk of language delay when the emergence and development of speech and language in children are more delayed than usual, considering his ag There is talk of language delay when the emergence and development of speech and language in children are more delayed than usual, considering his age. Generally, this delay occurs at various levels of language, especially in the expressive and syntactic. The delayed speech has no clear origin, since it appears in children who do not have any intellectual, sensory or motor disorder, so it is not related to any pathology. However, the causes that can cause a child to suffer this delay in language usually due to emotional, cultural or hereditary factors. Anyway, it is necessary to diagnose whether this type of dysfunctions are observed from two years of age, when children have already started learning. Other manifestations that accompany the language delay are: psycho and relationship with other children, school learning difficulties, delayed oral and written expression and difficulty in learning to read problems. ...
Aphasia is a disorder characterized by the loss of the ability to use language, caused by a neurological injury or the language centers in their brai Aphasia is a disorder characterized by the loss of the ability to use language, caused by a neurological injury or the language centers in their brain connections. The most common causes of these injuries are strokes, brain tumors, degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, or head injuries. In addition, different types of aphasia: expressive aphasia, which affects the spoken language and can involve from minimal losses to full loss of the ability to speak; or receptive aphasia, which also affects the ability of understanding and linguistic memory although other classifications. Depending on the degree of involvement of the patient and neurological diagnostic treatment should be approached from various medical disciplines to achieve a progressive rehabilitation and recovery. ...
Dysarthria is a disorder of the nervous system that affects the articulation of words. The patient has difficulty moving the muscles of the mouth and face, and even some mobility difficulties. Dysarthria after brain injuries often occur. ...
Dysgraphia is a disorder of writing ability is characterized by a number of difficulties or disabilities to compose written texts. In the vast majority of cases occur in children who do not have any related intellectual or neurological deficits, although in some subjects dysgraphia is associated with other learning disorders or speech problems or perceptomotricidad. Symptoms begin to appear from the approximately six years and, according to their type, are divided into two types: Motor dysgraphia, where the child has poor posture when writing, incorrectly handles the pen (or any type of pencil), type too fast or slow; and specific dysgraphia, characterized by a shift in the perception of the graphs, causing the child believes difficult to recognize letters (deformed, out of proportion, too close ...). Besides, people with dysgraphia often commit many errors in grammar, punctuation and organization of content in sentences and paragraphs. ...
Dyslalia pronunciation is a problem that involves a joint or inadequate diction of certain phonemes. Usually from the age of five children and pronounced totally fine without any difficulty all phonemes (although sometimes the "R" may cost a little longer). From that age, if severe difficulties in pronunciation should be evaluated by a specialist to find its cause, among which are: incorrect articulation, or functional dislalia, often due to poor management or operation of the vocal apparatus; hearing, if the child could not hear well understand and learn certain sounds incorrectly; organic, called diglossia, which are malformations or defects in the organs involved in speech, as the palate or lingual frenulum; or other disorders, such as stuttering. Depending on the cause, the speech therapist propose as therapy or treatment for the child, which is based on the realization of exercises to improve muscles used to improve pronunciation and articulation, as well as breathing exercises and expression. When the source is a malformation, it may require surgery to correct. ...
The dysorthography is a disorder of writing ability is manifested in children as a difficulty to transcribe the words correctly and follow the spelling rules. Therefore, both have difficulty associating sounds and spellings, to integrate those rules. This disorder usually occurs in children who also have other delays or disorders of oral or written language. Depending on the level of involvement, some other symptoms appear, but the most common are the faults of spellings, the confusion in the use of articles and correspondence, the omission of accents, confusion of letters, words or writing together error in the relationship between the words spoken and written transcript and the difficulty spelling. For the treatment of this disorder, assess the cause of dysorthography, often are visually or hearing impaired, speech problems or even an unfavorable environment for the study. According to the cause and extent of involvement, the speech therapist or child psychologist pose a treatment aimed at redirecting associates and / or learning problems and correct practice of writing. ...
Stroke means the sudden cessation of cerebral circulation after injury of cerebral vessels, which starts unexpectedly and can develop within minutes in major neurological syndromes. Three basic ways of mechanisms of action are known: haemorrhagic (atherosclerosis and hypertension are usually most frequent causes them); cerebral thrombosis, arteriosclerosis again being the most common cause; and, thirdly, strokes. Clinically, depending on the location of the lesion some specific neurological signs, which may be in the form of motor, sensory impairment, and, in severe cases, coma and death will manifest. In the overall treatment of stroke it is essential to control risk factors such as hypertension, heart disease, snuff, diabetes mellitus ... ...
To discuss coordination of motor and sensory brain associated with speech apparatus areas, voice and language correctly is necessary. Speech disorders may be secondary to problems related to the articulation of sounds or alteration in verbal fluency. ...
Myofunctional therapy (MFT) is a method used for the prevention and rehabilitation of dysfunctions or imbalances in the orofacial muscles (those involved in the talks) with the aim of achieving proper coordination of this muscle. Among the various disorders that can cause these imbalances, the most common are facial and craniofacial defects, imbalances in the structure of the teeth or jaw, degenerative disease, trauma or stroke. To correct these malfunctions, the Myofunctional therapy is based on the analysis, diagnosis and personalized treatment, including exercises aimed at the rehabilitation of the affected muscles to improve speech both patient and to strengthen their self-esteem. Furthermore, coordination of the orofacial muscles involves adopting new habits of breathing, articulation and swallowing, as these can also cause imbalances in bone structure and musculature of the mouth. ...
When a child breathes through the mouth and not through your nose, as would be the physiological, serious consequences for the normal growth of the face (aesthetic and functional effects) and general health are produced. Mouth breathing is usually caused by a blockage of the upper airways. The causes may be different, for example an inflammation of the nasal mucosa by allergies, deviated septum, malformations, polyps or, more often, an enlarged tonsils (tonsils) or vegetations. The treatment involves correct habits (Speech) and also by disturbances otorrinolaringólogas correction. ...
Parkinson's disease is a common disorder in neurodegenerative diseases such as Huntington's disease or Alzheimer's. As such, this disorder causes progressive deterioration of certain brain functions in patients who present with various symptoms: tremors in the arms, legs and face; stiffness of limbs; impaired balance and movement; depression; slurred speech; urinary problems; among others. Depending on the patient and the level of involvement of the disease will manifest one or other more or less serious way. Typically, this condition develops slowly in people from 55 to 65 years of age, and treatment is based on symptom control as there is no cure for Parkinson's disease. ...
Reinke's edema is the progressive formation of an irritation and swelling in the form of gelatinous bag in the vocal cords (Reinke space). These problems in the vocal cords cause long-term dysphonia, hoarseness and, sometimes, shortness of breath. Typically, this condition affects people who misuse or abuse their voice and smokers. In most cases treatment is based on rehabilitation therapy with a speech therapist, snuff and total suppression of vocal rest. However, some patients with Reinke's edema longstanding must undergo laryngeal microsurgery intervention as definitive treatment for the removal or absorption of edema. In these cases, also rehabilitation therapy before and after the operation is required. ...
It is considered that a child has a specific language disorder when presenting oral expression capacity considerably lower than is usually considered appropriate for their age, but parallel his comprehension of language and other nonverbal expression are appropriate. Therefore, many children with this disorder tend to compensate with increased use of gestures, facial expressions and sounds. Typically, this speech disorder is diagnosed when detected in the late child and difficulties in the acquisition of spoken language: if to two years is still out simple words, if around three years are still unable to create short phrases, or six years if your vocabulary is limited or confusing words, especially. At that time, it is necessary to resort to consulting a specialist or speech therapist to diagnose the problem and prevent further future complications. Usually, deficits in speech are associated with difficulties in social relations, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Therefore, treatment and development of children depend on the level of involvement and type of the disorder, which can be: evolutionary development problems of the subject; or acquired, which appears at some point in life but has developed spoken language correctly, as it would be if patients with degenerative diseases or who have suffered trauma or serious injury. ...
Stammering or stuttering is a speech disorder in which the flow of words is disturbed and interrupted by abnormalities such as repetitions of syllables or parts of sentences, difficulty starting to speak, jams or tripping in the middle of the speech or extension sounds or parts of words. These changes may be accompanied speech spasms anywhere in the body, the face grimaces, winks or eye blinks, tremors of the lips, etc. While anyone can suffer stuttering in certain stressful circumstances or, in the case of children, when they are at the height of development of speech and language, in these cases it is usually transient and responds to attempt to speak properly or face moments of emotion and tension. But when stuttering becomes severe and persistent, especially in children disorder are encouraged to consult the problem with the doctor and with a speech therapist. They evaluate the patient to establish a proper diagnosis and treatment, depending on the subject and the cause that caused stuttering: abnormal development of the child, or inherited social and family environment reasons, neurogenic coordination problems (transmission signals between the brain and nerves), mental disorders, brain injuries or accidents. ...
The presence of nodules on the vocal cords is a condition that involves the formation of some small lumps or thickening at the edge of the vocal cords. The appearance of these nodules affects the glottal closure of the vocal cords and is manifested by an alteration of the timbre of the voice, sounding broken and with greater intensity. This type of dysphonia usually affects people who overused and so forced her voice and speech treatment is rest and implementing a rehabilitation therapy with a speech therapist to retrain the use of voice and prevent greater occurrence complications in the larynx and vocal cords. In severe cases may require surgery. ...
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